Current Issues in Personality Psychology https://czasopisma.bg.ug.edu.pl/index.php/CIiPP <p><em>Current Issues in Personality Psychology</em>&nbsp;(CIPP) publishes high quality original articles and reviews of recognized scientists that deal with personality theories and research from the perspective of social science, law and medicine. CIPP promotes the study and application of personality psychology to various domains of individual and social functioning.<br><br>In particular we are interested in such topics as the role of personality in interpersonal relations; individual differences; personality disorders; personality development; personality and behavior dynamics; quality of life and well being; the interplay of culture and personality; biosocial bases of personality; and personality assessment and diagnosis. However, we are open to innovative research and new conceptual reviews in the field of personality science.<br><br>The articles in this journal are published open access (OA)&nbsp;<img src="https://www.termedia.pl/f/f/c5a7ca6f3038d2de3d953b91fa9a60c5.jpg" alt="" border="0"><br><br>Copyright: © 2017 Institute of Psychology, University of Gdansk This is an Open Access journal, all articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/), allowing third parties to copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format and to remix, transform, and build upon the material, provided the original work is properly cited and states its license.</p> Termedia Publishing House (at the request of the University of Gdansk) pl-PL Current Issues in Personality Psychology 2353-4192 Intellectual humility: an old problem in a new psychological perspective https://czasopisma.bg.ug.edu.pl/index.php/CIiPP/article/view/6965 <p>Though having been emphasised by philosophers and theologians for centuries, it is only in the last few years that the concept of intellectual humility has been explicitly defined and studied by empirical psychology. However, it has been long enough to recognise the prominent role that being intellectually humble plays for humane functioning, both at an intra- and inter-individual level. Having started with a&nbsp; broader philosophical and historical context, the present paper discusses the psychological conceptualisations of intellectual humility. Then the recent empirical studies are reviewed, including four strands of research referring to personality traits, cognitive functioning, social relations and religiosity. After presenting selected results, the prospects of psychological research on intellectual humility are discussed, including the limitations and challenges of measurement techniques as well as possible directions for future studies.</p> Wacław Bąk Bartosz Wójtowicz Jan Kutnik Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 2022-05-24 2022-05-24 10 2 85 97 Conceptual replication of Seo (2008), “Self-efficacy as a mediator in the relationship between self-oriented perfectionism and academic procrastination” https://czasopisma.bg.ug.edu.pl/index.php/CIiPP/article/view/6966 <p>Background</p> <p>Self-oriented perfectionism is the tendency to set high standards for oneself and evaluate one’s behaviour accordingly. Based on a&nbsp;study of 692 students in Korea, Seo (2008) reported finding a&nbsp;negative relationship between self-oriented perfectionism and academic procrastination – i.e., the tendency to procrastinate on academic tasks. Furthermore, Seo reported that this relationship was completely mediated by self-efficacy. Seo’s study has been influential in the literature but to our knowledge has not yet been independently replicated. In this study we report a&nbsp;preregistered conceptual replication testing five hypotheses based on Seo’s key findings.</p> <p>Participants and procedure</p> <p>A detailed preregistration (including data processing and analysis syntax) was lodged in advance of data collection at https://osf.io/xfvd8. Participants were 575 students recruited from OECD countries using prolific.co. Academic procrastination was measured via an adapted version of the Procrastination Assessment Scale – Students, while self-oriented perfectionism was measured via the 5-item self-oriented perfectionism subscale of the Big Three Perfectionism Scale. Self-efficacy was measured via the New General Self-Efficacy Scale. Both ordinary least squares regression and structural equation modelling were used to test hypotheses.</p> <p>Results</p> <p>We found no evidence of a&nbsp;bivariate relationship between self-oriented perfectionism and academic procrastination in either set of analyses. However, we did find evidence of a&nbsp;small and negative indirect effect of self-oriented perfectionism on academic procrastination via self-efficacy.</p> <p>Conclusions</p> <p>We were only able to partially replicate Seo’s key findings, having found no evidence of a&nbsp;negative relationship between self-oriented perfectionism and academic procrastination.</p> Matt N. Williams Shoni R. Edwards Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 2022-05-24 2022-05-24 10 2 98 111 The model of psychological safety of a soldier’s personality https://czasopisma.bg.ug.edu.pl/index.php/CIiPP/article/view/6967 <p>Background</p> <p>From 2014 to the present, Ukrainian military personnel have been fighting in Eastern Ukraine against illegal armed formations of separatists. The resulting combat stress negatively affects servicemen’s mental health status. This study aimed to examine the factor structure of a&nbsp;scale to assess the psychological safety of a&nbsp;soldier’s personality (PSSP), taking into account changes in the conditions of military service to improve the professional and psychological training of military personnel.</p> <p>Participants and procedure</p> <p>The study involved 118 officers of the National Guard of Ukraine. The semantic differential method, expert judgment, and exploratory factor analysis were used to determine the factor structure of the PSSP.</p> <p>Results</p> <p>The PSSP model to maintain combat readiness in daily activities includes four components: “Moral and communicative”, “Motivational and volitional”, “Value and meaning of life” and “Inner comfort”. For activities in extreme conditions (during combat deployment), the personality potential of four structural components is used: “Moral and volitional regulation”, “Coping strategies”, “Value and meaning of life” and “Post-traumatic growth/regression”.</p> <p>Conclusions</p> <p>The PSSP model consists of four components that have different content depending on the conditions for performance of professional tasks by military personnel. It is advisable to use the obtained results of the content of the PSSP model in the development of professional and psychological training programs for the purposeful formation of the resilience of military personnel, taking into account the conditions of their activities.</p> Ihor Prykhodko Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 2022-05-24 2022-05-24 10 2 112 122 When out-groups are perceived as out of place: urban disorder sensitivity and environmental distance https://czasopisma.bg.ug.edu.pl/index.php/CIiPP/article/view/6968 <p>Background</p> <p>These studies aimed to determine whether a&nbsp;stronger preference for order, structure, and predictability in the urban environment (measured by the Space Intrusion subscale of the Urban Socio-Spatial Disorder Sensitivity Scale) and a&nbsp; higher score on the Out-Group Visual Encroachment scale are associated with more aversive reactions towards the idea of people of another race, ethnicity, or religion settling in the neighborhood.</p> <p>Participants and procedure</p> <p>Participants were recruited through online snowball sampling (pilot study) as well as from among university students. Students were also asked to send links to the study to their acquaintances. The pilot study, as well as Study&nbsp;1B, were conducted online, whereas in Study 1A the paper-pencil method was used.</p> <p>Results</p> <p>Scores on the Space Intrusion subscale and the Out-group Visual Encroachment scale were associated with outgroup negativity. Out-group Visual Encroachment was found to mediate the relationship between Space Intrusion and environmental distance toward Muslims.</p> <p>Conclusions</p> <p>Perceiving out-groups as out of place is a&nbsp; joint product of environmental features (visual cues of belonging) and characteristics of the individual (sensitivity to urban disorder). The challenge for neighborhoods in times of increased migration is how to shape the public domain to increase the chances of strangers becoming more familiar.</p> Michał Jaśkiewicz Jurand Sobiecki Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 2022-05-24 2022-05-24 10 2 123 134 Mindfulness, relationship quality, and conflict resolution strategies used by partners in close relationships https://czasopisma.bg.ug.edu.pl/index.php/CIiPP/article/view/6969 <p>Background</p> <p>Mindfulness is a&nbsp;specific state of attention which involves a&nbsp;constant focus on what is happening at the present time in a&nbsp;way that is neither judgmental nor evaluative. The aim of this study was to investigate the importance of mindfulness for relationship quality and conflict resolution strategies in close relationships. Five components of mindfulness were examined: observing, describing, acting with awareness, nonjudging, and nonreactivity.</p> <p>Participants and procedure</p> <p>The study included 153 participants (79 women, 74 men; aged 19-60 years). 39.2% of the respondents were married, 20.9% were engaged, 39.9 were in romantic relationships. The mean duration of the close relationship was 6.25 years. The following measures were used: the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire, the Patterns of Problem Solving Questionnaire, and the Dyadic Adaptation Scale.</p> <p>Results</p> <p>Acting with awareness, dialogue and avoiding conflict escalation strategy were predictors of relationship quality. The relationship status (marriage and engagement) was also a&nbsp;predictor of relationship quality. Gender, age, and duration of the relationship were not predictors of relationship quality. The results showed correlation between mindfulness and relationship quality (r&nbsp;=&nbsp;.28). There was a&nbsp;positive correlation between nonjudging and satisfaction in the relationship and between describing and emotional expression. Also, there was a&nbsp;negative correlation between nonreactivity and compatibility. Mindfulness was positively correlated with dialogue and negatively correlated with escalation of and withdrawal from a&nbsp;conflict.</p> <p>Conclusions</p> <p>Mindfulness is important to the relationship’s quality and conflict resolution strategies. Among the components of mindfulness, especially acting with awareness is important to relationship quality.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Eugenia Mandal Martyna Lip Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 2022-05-24 2022-05-24 10 2 135 146 How vegans, vegetarians and carnists differ in personality traits and attitudes towards animals https://czasopisma.bg.ug.edu.pl/index.php/CIiPP/article/view/6970 <p>Background</p> <p>Food decisions and dietary preferences are affected by a&nbsp;complex set of different cultural or regional factors, but personality traits seem to play an important role too. Previous research suggested that the food preferences related to veganism, vegetarianism, or carnism can be predicted by the Big Five model of personality and reflected in the attitudes towards animals.</p> <p>Participants and procedure</p> <p>The present study examined personality traits and attitudes towards animals of 190 (M&nbsp;=&nbsp;24.90, SD&nbsp;=&nbsp;7.18) Slovak participants, of whom 57 were vegans, 56 vegetarians, and 77 carnists. To measure Big Five personality traits, the Big Five Inventory-2 (BFI-2) was used. Attitudes towards animals were measured by the short 10-item version of the Animal Attitude Scale (AAS-10).</p> <p>Results</p> <p>Vegans and vegetarians scored significantly higher than carnists in open-mindedness and attitude towards animals; there was no difference between scores of vegans and vegetarians. No relationship between the diet groups and demographic variables (gender, education, and age) was identified. From personality traits and sociodemographic variables, only open-mindedness was a&nbsp;significant predictor of attitudes towards animals.</p> <p>Conclusions</p> <p>Vegans and vegetarians differ from carnists primarily in one trait: open-mindedness. Vegans and vegetarians also differ from carnists by holding more positive attitudes towards animals.</p> Ľuboš Kováč Peter Halama Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 2022-05-24 2022-05-24 10 2 147 152 Psychometric properties of the Polish version of the Self-Pluralism Scale (SPS) https://czasopisma.bg.ug.edu.pl/index.php/CIiPP/article/view/6971 <p>Background</p> <p>The Self-Pluralism Scale (SPS) measures the declared degree of self-pluralism, visible already in William James’s works. Self-pluralism refers to the degree to which one perceives oneself as typically feeling, behaving, and being different, in different situations, and at different times. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Polish version of the SPS.</p> <p>Participants and procedurę</p> <p>A total of 1747 participants (67% were women) between the ages of 15 and 70 years completed the SPS along with measures of self-concept inconsistency, self-concept differentiation, dissociative experiences, internal dialogical activity, personality, and social desirability.</p> <p>Results</p> <p>Internal reliability and test-retest reliability were high. The full version has too low indices of fit whereas the brief, 10-item version fits the data well. As indicators of the convergent validity, a&nbsp;positive correlation of SPS with self-concept inconsistency, self-concept differentiation, dissociative experiences, internal dialogical activity and neuroticism and a&nbsp;negative correlation with agreeableness and social desirability were found.</p> <p>Conclusions</p> <p>The results suggest that the brief, 10-item version is more valid than the full, 30-item version. The tool may be used for scientific research concerning self-pluralism. After collecting data from a&nbsp;sample that would allow norms to be constructed, the tool may also be useful for individual diagnosis.</p> Agnieszka E. Łyś Hubert Suszek Krzysztof Fronczyk Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 2022-05-24 2022-05-24 10 2 153 163 Developing a Peer Relationship Scale for Adolescents: a validity and reliability study https://czasopisma.bg.ug.edu.pl/index.php/CIiPP/article/view/6972 <p>Background</p> <p>This study aims to develop a&nbsp;valid and reliable tool to measure adolescents’ peer relationships.</p> <p>Participants and procedure</p> <p>The research was carried out with 543 adolescents aged 11-18&nbsp;studying in secondary schools and high schools. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis was conducted to determine the construct validity of the scale. Based on the results of the exploratory factor analysis, a&nbsp;structure consisting of four sub-dimensions and 29 items was obtained. The sub-dimensions of the scale are named as intimacy, popularity, trust, and insightfulness.</p> <p>Results</p> <p>As a&nbsp;result of the confirmatory factor analysis, the model fit indices were found to have a&nbsp;good fit. Significant relationships were found with the Peer Support Scale and the Stirling Children’s Well-being Scale during the analysis of the scale’s criterion validity. Cronbach’s α internal consistency, split half reliability, and the test-retest method were used to assess the reliability of the scale. Cronbach’s&nbsp;α internal consistency coefficient for the total score was found to be .93, the split-half reliability was .85, and the test-retest reliability value was .82.</p> <p>Conclusions</p> <p>It can be inferred that the scale, which was developed based on the results obtained from validity and reliability studies, is a&nbsp;measurement tool that can be used in studies involving adolescents studying at the level of secondary and high school.</p> Fatih Aydoğdu Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 2022-05-24 2022-05-24 10 2 164 176