Health Psychology Report 2022-04-25T11:46:29+02:00 Mariola Bidzan Open Journal Systems <p>Health Psychology Report (HPR) publikuje wysokiej jakości oryginalne artykuły i recenzje uznanych naukowców zajmujących się teoriami i badaniami z perspektywy nauk społecznych i medycyny. HPR promuje badanie i stosowanie psychologicznego podejścia do zdrowia i choroby. HPR otwiera możliwości dla młodych, zdolnych naukowców. Czasopismo pragnie dać im szansę na publikację po rzeczowej, fachowej recenzji wybitnych, znanych naukowców. Dzięki temu będą mieli możliwość zaprezentowania wyników swoich badań i / lub uzyskania przydatnych porad na temat dotychczas popełnionych błędów.</p> Psychosocial problems experienced by patients depending on Crohn’s disease activity: an exploratory study 2022-04-20T10:06:43+02:00 Wojciech Otrębski Monika Krupa-Nowosad <p>Background</p> <p>The aim of the study was to assess the effect of Crohn’s disease (CD) activity and factors such as having a&nbsp;job, a&nbsp;family, or a&nbsp;partner on the severity of psychosocial problems experienced by them. Hypothesis: H1: CD patients who have a&nbsp;partner assess their psychosocial problems as less severe compared with those who do not have a&nbsp;partner; H2: CD patients who have a&nbsp;job assess the severity of psychosocial problems as statistically significantly lower than those who are out of work; H3: High activity of Crohn’s disease is statistically significantly associated with greater severity of psychosocial problems in CD patients.</p> <p>Participants and procedure</p> <p>Adults with Crohn’s disease, 79 women and 33 men, aged from 18 to 67 years. The activity of the disease was determined using the Crohn’s Disease Activity Index (CDAI) and the severity of psychosocial problems was assessed by the Psychosocial Problems Scale.</p> <p>Results</p> <p>Patients with high and low activity of Crohn’s disease were affected by psychosocial problems in various spheres. The intensity of psychosocial problems was significantly related to the patients’ labour market status and the severity of the disease symptoms.</p> <p>Conclusions</p> <p>A thorough understanding of the spectrum and severity of psychosocial problems faced by persons with Crohn’s disease is necessary for healthcare professionals to be able to professionally address their various needs and increase their acceptance of their condition.</p> 2022-04-25T00:00:00+02:00 Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 The impact of appearance comments by parents, peers and romantic partners on eating behaviour in a sample of young women 2022-04-20T10:39:57+02:00 Erika Varnagirytė Aidas Perminas <p>Background</p> <p>Disordered eating behaviour (DEB) is prevalent among two-thirds of women, and it is argued that it will increase over time because of the lean body cult in Western culture. However, the mechanism of DEB development is still not known precisely. One of the recently explored factors is appearance comments by significant others; however, their influence on DEB is ambiguous. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between eating behaviour and appearance comments by parents, peers, and romantic partners in a&nbsp;sample of young Lithuanian women.</p> <p>Participants and procedure</p> <p>Two hundred and eighty-five young females (Mage&nbsp;=&nbsp;21.8, SD&nbsp;=&nbsp;2.14) completed an online survey consisting of the Verbal Commentary on Physical Appearance Scale (VCOPAS) and the Eating Attitudes Test-26 (EAT-26). Demographic information and body mass index (BMI) were also taken into account.</p> <p>Results</p> <p>Negative comments about body shape and weight by parents, peers and romantic partners were associated with greater young women’s dieting and bulimia-specific DEB, while this type of appearance comments only by mothers and female peers was related to greater oral control. It was found that positive comments about body shape and weight by female peers were related to lower young women’s dieting, while positive comments about general appearance by mothers were associated with lower oral control. However, positive comments about body shape and weight by mothers and male peers were related to higher young women’s oral control.</p> <p>Conclusions</p> <p>Both negative and positive comments about physical appearance by significant others may be a&nbsp;risk factor for DEB developing in young women. Further research should concentrate on a&nbsp;deeper examination of these relations, with a&nbsp;particular focus on positive comments about physical appearance.</p> 2022-04-25T00:00:00+02:00 Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 The moderating effects of mindfulness facets on psychological distress and emotional eating behaviour 2022-04-20T11:46:43+02:00 Diarmuid Verrier Catherine Day <p>Background</p> <p>Emotional eating is an impulsive mood-regulation strategy that often follows psychological distress. Mindfulness is associated with less impulsive behaviour. Mindful eating involves a&nbsp;considered awareness of hunger and satiety, and conscious, non-automatic, food choices. This study examines the moderating role of mindfulness on the relationship between distress and emotional eating.</p> <p>Participants and procedure</p> <p>Participants (N&nbsp;=&nbsp;392) completed self-report measures on distress, mindfulness and emotional eating, after which moderation analysis was carried out.</p> <p>Results</p> <p>Mindfulness was negatively associated with emotional eating, but only when distress was low. The most important facets of mindfulness for this were being able to describe one’s emotional state and a&nbsp;non-judgemental response to that state.</p> <p>Conclusions</p> <p>These results support previous findings that mindfulness reduces the impact distress has on emotional eating. Future research could explore interventions that enable individuals to describe their emotional state in the moment to reduce preoccupation with food during times of distress.</p> 2022-04-25T00:00:00+02:00 Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 Time perspective, future anxiety, and hope for success in individuals awaiting bariatric surgery 2022-04-21T09:00:46+02:00 Kinga Tucholska Bożena Gulla Anna Grabowska Piotr Major <p>Background</p> <p>The paper focuses on the problems of temporal functioning of obese individuals and of individuals prepared for bariatric treatment. The experience of time heavily weighs on many areas of human functioning, everyday activity, planning and achieving goals, engaging in pro-health behaviours, and in consequence on the quality of life and on physical health. Contingent on numerous factors, obesity may be related to focusing on particular aspects of time perspective. The aim of the study was to determine the specificity of particular temporal dispositions in individuals prepared for bariatric surgery, and thus to devise suitable post-op psychological interventions.</p> <p>Participants and procedure</p> <p>The study sample comprised 28 individuals (60.7% women, mean age M&nbsp; =&nbsp; 43.82 years, SD&nbsp; =&nbsp; 10.01, mean BMI M&nbsp; =&nbsp; 44.83&nbsp; kg/m2 , SD&nbsp; =&nbsp; 6.51) awaiting bariatric surgery. The&nbsp; data were collected individually with the following pen-and-paper questionnaires: the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory, the Dark Future Scale, and the Polish adaptation of Snyder’s Adult Hope Scale, which is named the Hope for Success Questionnaire.</p> <p>Results</p> <p>The results showed the prevalence of present hedonistic time perspective in the obese. With regard to future anxiety or the hope for success, no significant deviations from the general population were observed.</p> <p>Conclusions</p> <p>The results indicate that this group is in need of temporal psychotherapy aimed at balancing the time perspective. The results may also be interpreted through the lens of contextual determinants connected with task orientation preceding the surgery.</p> 2022-04-25T00:00:00+02:00 Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 The relationship between infertility family stigma, self-stigma and psychological well-being in female first-visit patients at a reproductive medicine center in Taiwan 2022-04-21T09:29:14+02:00 Yi-Tung Lin Ashley W. Wang Shirley Wei Jia-Sin Hong Wen-Yau Hsu <p>Background</p> <p>Steeped in Chinese culture which considers continuing the family lineage highly important, infertility stigma endorsed by others and oneself can both negatively impact psychological well-being in women with infertility in Taiwan. The aim of the present study was to find out whether family stigma attached to infertility has a&nbsp;direct effect on psychological well-being, or whether it is only when family stigma is internalized into self-stigma that psychological well-being is affected.</p> <p>Participants and procedure</p> <p>The present study had a&nbsp;cross-sectional design, approved by an institutional review board in Taiwan. 245 female participants with infertility completed measures on infertility stigma, self-esteem, and positive and negative affect. The&nbsp;main question of this study was analyzed by conducting structural equation modeling.</p> <p>Results</p> <p>The present study found that none of the direct effects of family stigma on self-esteem, negative affect, or positive affect were significant, while the indirect effects of family stigma on the three psychological well-being indexes through the mediator of self-stigma were significant.</p> <p>Conclusions</p> <p>Self-stigma fully mediates the effect of family stigma on self-esteem, positive affect, and negative affect in women with infertility. Collectively, stigma endorsed by others does not necessarily lead to negative psychological wellbeing. The negative influence comes from internalizing public/family stigma into self-stigma.</p> 2022-04-25T00:00:00+02:00 Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 Infertility-related stress, social support, and coping of women experiencing infertility in Vietnam 2022-04-22T09:36:22+02:00 Lam Q. Truong Thuy B. Luong Thu H. Tran Ngan H. Dang Lien H. Nguyen Trang T. Nguyen Phuong T. H. Nguyen <p>Background</p> <p>Women with an infertility problem living in traditional and developing countries face extensive social pressure, infertility-related stress, and distress, which possibly affect their choices of coping strategies. The present study aims to investigate the impact of infertility-related stress and social support on coping of Vietnamese women who live with an infertility diagnosis.</p> <p>Participants and procedurę</p> <p>A cross-sectional study was conducted with 192 women diagnosed with infertility at two hospitals in the north and central regions of Vietnam. Participants completed a&nbsp;questionnaire consisting of the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, the Copenhagen Multi-centre Psychosocial Infertility coping scales and the Fertility Problem Inventory, and questions about their sociodemographic characteristics, infertility-related history, and key social relationships. Four linear regression analyses were performed on four coping strategies: active-avoidance coping (AAC), active-confronting coping (ACC), passive-avoidance coping (PAC), and meaning-based coping (MBC).</p> <p>Results</p> <p>The findings show that high infertility-related stress significantly predicted the use of avoidance coping strategies (AAC and PAC) among these women, while those with a&nbsp;high level of perceived social support tended to use ACC and MBC. None of the four linear regression models support the moderating role of social support in the relationship between infertility-related stress and coping styles.</p> <p>Conclusions</p> <p>The study findings show that levels of infertility-related stress and perceived social support have a&nbsp;direct effect on the choice of coping strategies among Vietnamese women diagnosed with infertility. The study results have practical implications in the Vietnamese context, including: (i) the development and adaptation of evidence-based and culturally appropriate interventions and counselling strategies; and (ii) social policy advocacy to better support women diagnosed with infertility, their husbands, and both as couples.</p> 2022-04-25T00:00:00+02:00 Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 Associations between COVID-19 risk perceptions, behavior intentions and worry 2022-04-25T09:31:22+02:00 Amanda J. Dillard Jenna Lester Hope Holyfield <p>Background</p> <p>Risk perceptions are central to health behavior, but some types of risk perceptions may be more strongly connected to behavior than others. This research examined different risk perceptions of COVID-19 and their respective associations with behavior intentions and worry.</p> <p>Participants and procedure</p> <p>U.S. college students (N&nbsp;=&nbsp;248) and general adults (N&nbsp;=&nbsp;300) reported their risk perceptions of COVID-19 – including absolute numerical, verbal, comparative, and feelings of risk – as well as their worry and intentions to do things such as get vaccinated.</p> <p>Results</p> <p>Although most risk perceptions related to intentions and worry, feelings of risk were the most strongly and consistently related. The associations showed that the higher people’s feelings of risk were, the greater were their intentions and worry.</p> <p>Conclusions</p> <p>Assessing feelings of risk of COVID-19 may provide the best insight into people’s perceived threat of this virus.</p> 2022-04-25T00:00:00+02:00 Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 Socioeconomic status and mental health during the COVID-19 crisis: Are sense of coherence, sense of community coherence and sense of national coherence predictors for mental health? 2022-04-25T10:00:39+02:00 Roald Pijpker Dani van der Kamp Sarah Vader Lea den Broeder Annemarie Wagemakers <p>Background</p> <p>Evidence about the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on existing health inequalities is emerging. This study explored differences in mental health, sense of coherence (SOC), sense of community coherence (SOCC), sense of national coherence (SONC), and social support between low and high socioeconomic (SES) groups, and the predictive value of these predictors for mental health.</p> <p>Participants and procedure</p> <p>A cross-sectional study was conducted using an online survey in the Netherlands in October 2021, comprising a&nbsp;total of 91 respondents (n&nbsp;=&nbsp;41, low SES; n&nbsp;=&nbsp;50, high SES).</p> <p>Results</p> <p>There were no differences in mental health, SOC, SOCC, SONC, and social support between the groups. SOC was a&nbsp;predictor for mental health in both groups and SOCC for the low SES group.</p> <p>Conclusions</p> <p>We found that both SOC and SOCC predict mental health during the pandemic. In the article we reflect on possible pathways for strengthening these resources for mental health.</p> 2022-04-25T00:00:00+02:00 Prawa autorskie (c) 2022