Journal of Geography, Politics and Society https://czasopisma.bg.ug.edu.pl/index.php/JGPS <p><strong>Journal of Geography, Political and Society</strong> is an interdisciplinary journal which accepts articles from a broad range of widely understood social sciences (socio-economic geography, sociology, political sciences, economics, administration, public safety, cultural anthropology, demography, public health, etc.). We publish articles on the situation or changes taking place around the world, but the journal especially focuses on countries of Central Europe and the countries of the former USSR. We are trying to combine theory with practice; therefore, in addition to scientists, we also invite practitioners (local government officials, experts, etc.) to publish in our journal . We publish both issues containing a variety of themed articles and edited subject issues. Anyone interested in editing a subject issue should contact editors to submit their proposals. The entire process of reviewing and publication is totally free of charge. The author of an article does not bear any costs arising from the publication of his/her article.</p> <p>The journal is a quarterly.&nbsp;</p> Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Gdańskiego en-US Journal of Geography, Politics and Society 2084-0497 Migration of the population of Transnistria: factors, trends, consequences https://czasopisma.bg.ug.edu.pl/index.php/JGPS/article/view/3900 <p>The article considers the factors influencing the formation of the modern migration situation in Transnistria, the trends of its development and socio-economic costs. Particular attention is given to the problems of the migration registration system in Transnistria. Also are presented the possible ways to optimize migration accounting in the region.</p> Vladimir Fomenco Copyright (c) 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 9 4 1 11 10.26881/jpgs.2019.4.01 Bulgaria’s geopolitical and geoeconomic reorientation (1989–2019) https://czasopisma.bg.ug.edu.pl/index.php/JGPS/article/view/3901 <p>Until the late 1980s and the dawn of the end of the Eastern Bloc, communist Bulgaria was considered to be the closest ally of the Soviet Union. Now, 30 years later, the Bulgarian state has been integrated into the main Euro-Atlantic organisations. Taking these radical changes as its starting point, this article outlines the process and consequences of post-1989 geopolitical and geoeconomic reorientation of Bulgaria. The aim was also to present the main geopolitical challenges in Bulgaria’s relations with Russia and Turkey. These states have been influencing the political, economic and cultural development of Bulgaria for centuries. The effects of their influence have remained problematic to this day. As Bulgaria remains a country with a complex geopolitical position, it continues its twentieth-century strategy and tries to maintain balance between its own national interest and the influence of the main centres of power. The author draws particular attention to the fact that the model based on the variability of geopolitical priorities was once again confirmed in the analysed period. This model is not only based on pragmatism in relations with the outside world, which is traditional for the Bulgarian political elite, but is also dependant on the temporary distribution of power within the Balkan geopolitical knot. It seems that the model will continue to be valid, at least in the near future.</p> Valentin Mihaylov Copyright (c) 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 9 4 12 23 10.26881/jpgs.2019.4.02 Problems of the Ukrainian labor market https://czasopisma.bg.ug.edu.pl/index.php/JGPS/article/view/3902 <p>According to various sources, after 2014 there was a clear decline in GDP and the level of income in Ukraine, which, taking into account the interdependence between economic growth and the condition of the labor market, translated into significant difficulties in the structure of resources and the activity of the local workforce. The source of these difficulties turned out to be not only the price factor, but also non-price factors such as poor protection of employee rights, lack of social protection and social security, as well as payment gridlocks on the employer-employee line. This forced many Ukrainians to sometimes make dramatic decisions about economic emigration, mainly to European Union countries, including Poland. According to various estimates, there are currently 7 to 9 million Ukrainian citizens working abroad who contribute to the development of the economies of other countries.&nbsp;Meanwhile, the Ukrainian labor market is in a very difficult situation. Based on the analysis of official statistical data, an attempt was made to characterize the Ukrainian labor market, its main determinants were outlined and Ukrainians’ attitudes towards changes on the domestic labor market were determined. The research used critical literature analysis, statistical description methods, spatial analysis methods and case study method. Based on the conducted analyzes, it was shown that in the years 2010–2017 the Ukrainian labor market was struggling with a number of unfavorable phenomena, which was significantly aggravated by the political crisis at the turn of 2013 and 2014.</p> Paweł Czapliński Vasyl Dzhaman Copyright (c) 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 9 4 24 34 10.26881/jpgs.2019.4.03 Changes of political theories in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe https://czasopisma.bg.ug.edu.pl/index.php/JGPS/article/view/3903 <p>In the countries of Middle and Eastern Europe the collapse of „real socialism” was followed by the annulment of political and ideological supervision over scientific researches. Since then the political theory has been developing in an unembarrassed way, drawing investigative patterns with the tradition of western political sciences. Form this perspective, the expression „westernization” used with regard to political theory signifies the process of going away from Marxism and historical materialism. The article focuses on two essential trends of this process. The main consequence is the pluralization of theoretical bases of investigations, which signifies not only differentation, but also the lack of predominant theory. The international program for monitoring the development since 1990, shows that new investigative trends disclose a division between the traditional and current model of politology, which demonstrates the topicality of arguments raised in western academic debatesover the theoretical condition and status of political science discipline.</p> Jarosław Nocoń Copyright (c) 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 9 4 35 41 10.26881/jpgs.2019.4.04 Depopulated localities of former east Prussia as isolated components of the landscape structure in the form of clusters of high vegetation https://czasopisma.bg.ug.edu.pl/index.php/JGPS/article/view/3904 <p>The article is devoted to selected issues concerning the contemporary landscape identity of completely deserted localities situated in the part of former East Prussia incorporated into Poland. It presents conclusions drawn from an analysis of cartographic materials and on-site research on high greenery’s participation in and importance to the creation of the landscape of uninhabited settlement units. High greenery is one of the main components of the space of abandoned localities in the research area. In total, 94% of completely deserted settlements in the Polish part of former East Prussia are partially or completely covered with high greenery. Relatively often – in 39% of all uninhabited localities – high greenery forms isolated patches in the landscape structure. This is reflected in the process of observation of both the horizontal and vertical landscape structure of a locality, as demonstrated on the example of the case study of one of the old settlements.</p> Anna Majewska Copyright (c) 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 9 4 42 50 10.26881/jpgs.2019.4.05 Geographical aspects of development of regional center Aktobe https://czasopisma.bg.ug.edu.pl/index.php/JGPS/article/view/3906 <p>This article considers the social and economic situation of the Aktobe region as well as discusses the prospect of industrialization growth. The paper presents a SWOT-analysis that determines strengths and weaknesses of the development of the Aktobe agglomeration. The results can be used by school teachers in teaching a special course in local history, in the activities of architecture department, in the akimat for planning the economic development of the city. In the course of the study, a differentiated assessment of social and economic factors of the Aktobe city was provided.</p> Zharas Berdenov Nargiz Nurtazina Copyright (c) 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 9 4 51 57 10.26881/jpgs.2019.4.06 Specific aspects of European and Polish migrations at the begging of the 21st century https://czasopisma.bg.ug.edu.pl/index.php/JGPS/article/view/3907 <p>The text focuses on the migration in the European Union and in Poland at the begging of the 21st century. It aims to prove that even if the reasons and consequences of migration are varied, they have significantly shaped the development of human civilization and have been a part of human socialization. Furthermore, this text points out that the phenomena of globalization and democratization have affected the population movement and caused new patterns of contemporary migration. The European Union is a great example of cooperation between different countries in order to realize the principle of free population movement, which was put to the test over past years. Additionally, this article characterizes the Polish migration, especially the inflow of immigrants to Poland. Poland has become an emigration and an attractive immigration country. This text revels also the consequences of migration in modern Europe.</p> Jarosław Och Copyright (c) 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 9 4 58 66 10.26881/jpgs.2019.4.07