Studia Rossica Gedanensia <p style="text-align: justify; line-height: 40px;"><strong>Interdyscyplinarne czasopismo naukowe gdańskich rusycystów.&nbsp;</strong>Podejmuje zagadnienia związane z językiem, literaturą, kulturą i historią Rosji, a także komparatystyką i informatologią (bibliologią). Do druku przyjmowane są teksty w języku polskim, rosyjskim i angielskim.</p> Wydział Filologiczny Uniwersytetu Gdańskiego pl-PL Studia Rossica Gedanensia 2449-6715 Z zapisków paryżanina (przeł. Grzegorz Ojcewicz) <p><strong>Georgii Efron. From the notes of a Parisian (an excerpt) </strong></p> <p>Transl. by Grzegorz Ojcewicz</p> Georgij Efron Prawa autorskie (c) 2023 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 9 273 288 Poezja i gramatyka (przeł. Bogusław Żyłko) Roman Jakobson Krystyna Pomorska Prawa autorskie (c) 2023 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 9 289 298 Rosyjski żołnierz (przeł. Grzegorz Ojcewicz) Timur Mucurajew Prawa autorskie (c) 2023 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 9 299 302 Odwieczny model dziejów Rosji <p><strong>The eternal model of Russia’s history</strong><br />The article discusses a dual model of the history of Russia presented in the speeches of Polish Romantics included in the Russian studies texts of the following epochs and in the works of Russian authors, e.g. Yuri Lotman and Boris Uspensky. The author proves that the Gnostic-Manichaean influence on the religiousness of Russians is the source of their accumulation of rebellion against the world and the human fate predicted in it. This rebellion on the basis of a radical anti-world dualism gives rise to the destructive desires of Russians, which explode in various forms of historical destruction. They push the Russians into wars, partitions, revolutions and invasions.</p> Zbigniew Kaźmierczyk Prawa autorskie (c) 2023 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 9 29 39 10.26881/srg.2022.9.01 Beate Barbara Juliane von Krüdener o podróżach i w podróżach po Europie <p><strong>Beate Barbara Juliane von Krüdener about journeys and on journeys across Europe</strong></p> <p>The paper presents the problem of travelling on the basis of the novel “Valérie” and the volume “The Memories of Childhood and Youth” by Beate Barbara Juliane von Krüdener (1764–1824). Krüdener was a French-language writer, born in Riga, belonging to the honourable family of Baltic Germans, who, at the end of her life, was an advisor to Alexander I. The paper consists of five parts: “Who was she?” (the writer’s biography) “On the Baltic Sea” (a picture of Denmark in “Valérie” and Livonia in the memories), “In Saint Petersburg” (a picture of Russian tsars), “Towards the West” (a picture of Denmark and Italy in “Valérie” and Germany, France, England in the memories) and “The Conclusion” (the concept of a “Russian European”). Krüdener’s journeys were of intellectual type (meeting with political and cultural elites of Europe, participation in cultural life). Northern Europe (cold and melancholic) is contrasted with southern Europe (warm and cheerful).</p> Magdalena Dąbrowska Prawa autorskie (c) 2023 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 9 40 52 10.26881/srg.2022.9.02 Wokół dziennika podróży ekoteolożki Tatiany Goriczewej „Człowiek ustawicznie szuka szczęścia” <p><strong>On “Man ceaselessly seeks happiness”<em>,</em> a travel diary of an eco-theologian Tatiana Goricheva</strong></p> <p>The author faces the main task of a comprehensive – to its possible extent – overview of <em>Man ceaselessly seeks happiness. </em>He approaches the text from the perspective of its genre and the subject matter. By taking into consideration the main thought behind the title of the book, he examines what the search for happiness means to the writer. The notions of poetics intersect with remarks on the essay-like narration of the diary, in which the writer shares her thoughts on religions and cultures of the West, the East, South Asia, Russian migrants scattered around the world, the contemporary state of the Church and Christians in Europe and outside it, individual and collective ways of searching for God or human approach towards animals. The author reaches a conclusion that “Man ceaselessly seeks happiness” is not a traditional travel diary and Tatiana Goricheva’s musings present a deeply individual outlook on the notions of Christianity and faith.</p> Grzegorz Ojcewicz Prawa autorskie (c) 2023 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 9 53 78 10.26881/srg.2022.9.03 Finalne formuły epistolarne w polsko- i rosyjskojęzycznej korespondencji prywatnej (na materiale wiadomości przesyłanych na kartach pocztowych) <p><strong>Closing epistolary formulae in Polish and Russian private correspondence (exemplified with postcard messages)</strong></p> <p>The article presents an analysis of the closing formulae used in Polish and Russian letters written on postcards in the second half of the twentieth century and at the beginning of the twenty-first century. The study aims to characterize and compare the structure and pragmatic characteristics of this component of the epistolary text, as well as to discuss its functions. The analysis proves that there exists a similarity of the final formulae in both languages as well as a similarity to the formulae used in traditional letters.</p> Daniel Dzienisiewicz Prawa autorskie (c) 2023 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 9 81 103 10.26881/srg.2022.9.04 Oсобенности эпитетации в музыкальных рецензиях <p><strong>The phenomenon of epithetization in music reviews</strong></p> <p>The article presents the types of epithets characteristic of music reviews, which are rich in means of artistic expression. Epithets with the meaning of evaluation, epithets which denote feelings, epithets referring to sound and its properties, epithets derived from the names of composers and conductors, as well as epithets that are the names of musical works have been retrieved from Russian-language texts of music criticism.</p> Maria Dzienisiewicz Prawa autorskie (c) 2023 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 9 104 116 10.26881/srg.2022.9.05 Русский язык в первом семестре 2022 учебного года в Японии <p><strong>The Russian language in the first semester of the 2022 academic year in Japan</strong></p> <p>This article analyzes the results of a survey carried out among Japanese students who start and continue to learn Russian alongside their majors at the Kyoto University. Due to the Russian invasion of Ukraine which started on February 24th, 2022, Russian as a foreign language has been experiencing new challenges. In Japan, the academic year begins in April. Thus, the first semester (April through July) shows in the real time what the students think of learning the Russian language. Some students explain their choice of Russian with a great degree of attention paid to Russia in the media. Most students agree that learning a language broadens their worldview. Compared with the beginning of the semester, more students state their concerns regarding the stigmatization of the Russian language and its learners themselves. For Russian language teachers, revisiting the philosophy of their work is a vital task to reduce the students’ anxiety.</p> Daiki Horiguchi Prawa autorskie (c) 2023 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 9 117 129 10.26881/srg.2022.9.06 Потеря Я-уникальности как элемент пропаганды в языке советской публицистики <p><strong>The loss of SELF-uniqueness as a propaganda element in the language of Soviet journalism</strong></p> <p>The article describes the process of planned influence on people’s psyche by means of verbal manipulation, propaganda tactics taken from advertising tradition, as well as its various forms aimed at controlling consumer awareness in the Soviet reality of the 1930s and 1940s. A comprehensive methodological approach was used in the study, combining various methods (inductive and deductive as well as descriptive and interpretative). The study has proved that the tendentious and trite model of suggestive advertising texts as a combination of propaganda goals and consumer information, rejecting<br />any creativity and individuality, caused the destruction of social consciousness and dehumanization of a man enslaved by the Soviet totalitarian system. The paper shows political Russification activities aimed at the destruction of the Ukrainian nation, emphasizing the description of the linguistic genocide situation. It has been observed that Ukrainian intellectuals’ attitude towards the Ukrainian culture and language was not always responsible. Negative effects of the mechanisms creating a new social unit, indifferent to the cultural property and art of their own nation, as well as constituting a new mythology have been noticed. It has been found that some of the then Ukrainian activists saw an opportunity to counter the influence of the Soviet propaganda in the restitution of SELF-uniqueness, national awareness and return to national cultural traditions. The conducted analysis has also revealed the quasi-polemical nature the language of Soviet journalism, which designed a parallel reality.</p> Iryna Ivanova Prawa autorskie (c) 2023 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 9 133 143 10.26881/srg.2022.9.07 Strategie komunikacyjne w nagłówkach prasowych o wojnie w Ukrainie w duńskim dzienniku „Politiken” (z perspektywy odbiorcy) <p><strong>Communicative strategies in headlines about the war in Ukraine in the Danish daily “Politiken” (from the reader’s perspective)</strong></p> <p>The aim of the article is to present informative strategies applied in the headlines about the war in Ukraine in the Danish daily “Politiken”. The study covered 26 headlines from two thematic sections of the journal. A comparative analysis has showed differences in the structure and organization of information, the use of stylistic and emotive means, and the way the war is presented. The contrasts result from the fact that the texts belong to different press genres: informational or journalistic texts. Interconnecting them with hyperlinks creates an internal mini-discourse and gives a more complete picture of the presented events.</p> Józef Jarosz Prawa autorskie (c) 2023 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 9 144 156 10.26881/srg.2022.9.08 Приключения эстетической функции в кулинарном медиатексте <p><strong>Adventures of the aesthetic function in culinary media text</strong></p> <p>The paper formulates and substantiates the importance of distinguishing food photo as a new independent type of text and a genre of culinary media text, as well as its genre variant – a photo of a thematic dessert. Food photo, as a culinary media text, has a special «mass-media-gastronomic» language. In the thematic dessert photo, the aesthetic wholeness and function are tightly fused with other functions and address the practice and objectivity of social-home reality and leisure time. In food photography it is not important to play with food, as in food art, but it is important to use familiar sweetness and its images with many purposes, including changes of behavior in leisure and mass-media.</p> Eleonora Shestakova Prawa autorskie (c) 2023 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 9 157 171 10.26881/srg.2022.9.09 From an ideological war to an ideology of war: Aleksandr Dugin’s assumptions of neo-Eurasianism and their application to Russian preparations for the war against Ukraine <p>This article compares the main aspects of Dugin’s neo-Eurasianism with the content of two important texts published in 2021: Putin’s article ‘On the historical unity of Russians and Ukrainians’ and the new National Security Strategy. These texts can be understood as part of ideological preparations for the war against Ukraine in 2022. The presence of elements of Russian nationalist ideology in these texts will make it possible to answer the question of whether the neo-Eurasian ideology is the authentic basis of Russian neo-imperialist policy or whether it is merely a useful propaganda façade.</p> Marcin Składanowski Prawa autorskie (c) 2023 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 9 175 186 10.26881/srg.2022.9.10 Rosja Sowiecka i Związek Sowiecki w refleksji politycznej ruchu zetowego w Drugiej Rzeczypospolitej <p><strong>Soviet Russia and the Soviet Union in the Political Reflection of the “Zet”-movement in the Second Republic of Poland</strong></p> <p>The article is an attempt to present and analyze the concept of a foreign policy, formulated in the years of the Second Republic of Poland by the representatives of the political circle of “Zet”, and to relate to the issue of Poland’s relations with Soviet Russia (known later as the Soviet Union) and to the actions on the international arena of the eastern neighbor of Poland. The underground Polish Youth Union “Zet” was established in 1886 in Warsaw in order to fight for a united, independent, democratic and socially just Republic of Poland. In interwar Poland, while maintaining a secret character, “Zet” coordinated the activities of a network of public organizations and periodicals (forming the so-called “Zet”-movement) influencing the political and social life in the country. In Soviet Russia, and later in the Soviet Union, “Zet” saw a threat to the reborn Republic of Poland in the imperial and aggressive nature of the foreign policy of the Bolsheviks. “Zet” supported the federal program and then the Promethean program. The organization also advocated a close cooperation among the western neighbors of the Soviet state. The concepts of the Zetist foreign policy relating to Soviet Russia and the Soviet Union were based on the postulate to weaken “The Red Kremlin”, defined as a declared opponent of independent Poland.</p> Przemysław Waingertner Prawa autorskie (c) 2023 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 9 187 198 10.26881/srg.2022.9.11 „Cykl Ukraiński: Kronika Wojenna” (obrazy ze zbiorów prywatnych) Grzegorz Ojcewicz Prawa autorskie (c) 2023 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 9 367 373 Z polskiej leksykografii biograficznej, nekrologicznej i komemoratywnej. Rosja i ZSRS a Polska – ofiary antycywilizacji. (Bibliografia prac z lat 1832–2021 – w wyborze) <p><strong>From Polish biographical, obituary and commemorative lexicography. Russia and the USSR versus Poland – victims of anti-civilization. </strong><strong>(A bibliography of selected works from 1832-2021)</strong></p> <p>The paper presents selected issues in the area of Polish biographical lexicography from the genological perspective. The author proposes to distinguish a new type – obituary and commemorative lexicography. She states that no monographic work on biographical lexicography has been published within the Polish scholarly society. The existing publications are only in the form of thematic/problem and review articles. The second part of the paper contains a list of 379 Polish dictionaries; the bibliography covers the years 1832–2021. The data presented are considered statistically important. The bibliographic list includes various types/forms of dictionaries – strictly biographical dictionaries, lexicons, encyclopedias, dictionary-encyclopedias, encyclopedic guides, reference books (e.g. <em>Who is who?</em>), directories of people (e.g. <em>The Book of Siberians</em>), personal loss books, cemetery books, lists of people, alphabetical lists of people, lists of surnames, nicknames, registers of the dead, deported and others, indexes of people (e.g. of repressed people) and others, inventories (e.g. names of labor camps), etc. Formally, publications of this type meet the requirements of studies in the field of lexicography because: 1/ they constitute a linearly ordered set (by lexicographic order), and 2/ they are specific databases storing specific information.</p> Katarzyna Wojan Prawa autorskie (c) 2023 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 9 201 248 10.26881/srg.2022.9.12 Od Redaktorów Zbigniew Kaźmierczyk Katarzyna Wojan Prawa autorskie (c) 2023 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 9 17 20 O Autorach Katarzyna Wojan Prawa autorskie (c) 2023 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 9 367 373 „Porzućcie wszelką nadzieję, którzy tu wchodzicie”. Gieorgij Efron: 68 listów z piekła sowieckiego raju: 1940–1944. Przekład z rosyjskiego, redakcja i opracowanie naukowe Grzegorz Ojcewicz. Szczytno: Wydawnictwo Greg-Art, 2022, 436 s. <p><strong>“Abandon Hope All Ye Who Enter Here”</strong></p> <p>The article reflects on a volume of letters by Georgiy Efron, a son of the poet Marina Tsvetaeva, written between 1940 and 1944. In it, I discuss the editorial and translatorial strategies adopted by Grzegorz Ojcewicz, which were designed to create a comprehensive biographical and psychological study of the author of the letters. This is evidenced by a carefully prepared philological commentary to the correspondence and the thematic articles included in the volume. I consider Efron’s letters in the context of the three-volume edition of his “Diaries”, an earlier editorial initiative by G. Ojcewicz dated 2019–2021.</p> Jolanta Brzykcy Prawa autorskie (c) 2023 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 9 251 254 10.26881/srg.2022.9.13 Polska – Rosja: Sztuka dialogu, dialog sztuki. (Польская художественная культура в историческом и современном контексте. Oтв. ред. с российской стороны И. Светлов. Oтв. ред. с польской стороны И. Люба. Москва: Гнозис, 2021, 624 с.) <p><strong>Poland and Russia: the art of dialogue, the dialogue of art</strong></p> <p>The paper presents the book titled “The Polish Artistic Culture in the Historical and Modern Context”, published in Russian in 2021 (Moscow, GNOZIS, 624 pages). The book contains works by 32 Polish and Russian scholars (culture studies specialists, art historians, literature experts and others), devoted to the Polish art, most often in comparison with similar phenomena in the Russian art. It also discusses painting, sculpture, architecture, theatre, film and literature. The editors of the book are: Igor Svetlov (Russia) and Iwona Luba (Poland).</p> Magdalena Dąbrowska Prawa autorskie (c) 2023 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 9 255 262 10.26881/srg.2022.9.14 Oświecenie i my. (Oświecenie, czyli tu i teraz. Pod red. Łukasza Rondudy i Tomasza Szerszenia. Kraków–Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Karakter; Muzeum Sztuki Nowoczesnej w Warszawie, 2021, 320 s.) Magdalena Dąbrowska Prawa autorskie (c) 2023 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 9 263 270 10.26881/srg.2022.9.15