Studia Scandinavica <p>Studia Scandinavica to interdyscyplinarne czasopismo naukowe gdańskich skandynawistów. Podejmując zagadnienia związane z językiem, literaturą, kulturą, historią nadbałtyckiego regionu Europy Północnej, wychodzi naprzeciw rosnącemu w Polsce zainteresowaniu Danią, Norwegią, Szwecją, Islandią, Finlandią.</p> Uniwersytet Gdański pl-PL Studia Scandinavica 1230-6053 Słowem wstępu Redakcja Copyright (c) 2020-12-02 2020-12-02 24 4 7 9 Heroska pokoju dziecinnego. Pippi Pończoszanka jako głos rewolucji ideologicznej w literaturze dziecięcej <p>Astrid Lindgren’s Pippi Longstocking, designed as a radically subversive character, is the antichild. Given power and independence, she discloses culture-defined relations between children and adults and promotes a sentiment-free commentary that highlights the inherent status of inequality in these relations and the resulting oppression. Placed by the author at the top of the hierarchy, she subverts this oppression: all of a sudden, now it is adults that are exposed to the activities of the unpredictable, rollicking, carnivalesque girl. The result of this narrative device is laced with the intense, insolvable conflict of two antagonistic tribes: children and adults. In this war, Pippi plays a leading role. She is the heroine of the marginalized space of the nursery.</p> Anna Maria Czernow Copyright (c) 2020-12-02 2020-12-02 24 4 15 29 10.26881/ss.2020.24.01 Ingrid Vang Nyman i Pippi Pończoszanka, czyli o Pippi – dziecięcej rebeliantce – i Pus – duńskiej artystce, która dokonała rewolucji w szwedzkiej książce dla dzieci <p>This article focuses on Ingrid Vang Nyman’s illustrations to various books about Pippi Longstocking, written by Astrid Lindgren, ranging from novels through picturebooks to comics. The core of the paper is an analysis of the Danish artist’s style, her use of means of artistic expression, and her attitude towards avant-garde movements in Western art in the 1930s and 1940s. The text briefly covers Vang Nyman’s biography, and the influence of her Danish background, taking mainly the period of her studies at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Copenhagen into consideration. Analysis makes it possible to indicate three main features of Vang Nyman’s “Pippi works”, which are a specific construction of space, anti-classical aesthetics, and a selfdiscilplined use of basic colours taken from modern painting, e.g. Neo-Plasticism.</p> Anita Wincencjusz-Patyna Copyright (c) 2020 2020-12-02 2020-12-02 24 4 30 48 10.26881/ss.2020.24.02 Snø og samfunnskritikk – Snømotivet i Alexander Kiellands Sne (1886) og Jonas Lies Familjen paa Gilje (1883) <p>Snow is the principle source of imagery both in Alexander Kielland’s Snow and in Jonas Lie’s Familjen paa Gilje, although it has different tasks to fulfill. Whereas Kielland’s narrator depicts snow as a homogenizing material and as a means to subdue people, Lie’s narrator unfolds a dialectic conception of snow, so that snow imagery becomes ambiguous. It not only functions as a metaphor to illustrate people’s suppression, but it is also linked to the notion of national freedom and progress. In this respect, snow is a key metaphor to depict self-realisation at the expense of community.</p> Thomas Seiler Copyright (c) 2020-12-02 2020-12-02 24 4 49 70 10.26881/ss.2020.24.03 Sztuka starości. Dwa późne wiersze Pära Lagerkvista w kontekście liryku ***I’ sto rinchiuso come la midolla… Michała Anioła Buonarrotiego <p>The subject of this article is an analysis of two poems by Pär Lagerkvist from his late book <em>Aftonland</em> (1953) in a context which has not been considered in previous research, i.e. a poem <em>I’ sto rinchiuso come la midolla…</em> by Michelangelo Buonarroti. In his poems about old age and the aging artist, Lagerkvist is close to some of the crucial poetic images drawn by Michelangelo – an artist whom the Swede highly esteemed. Additionally, a Polish translation of the two poems (<em>Gammal genius. Vid färdens sista rast…</em>) is proposed.</p> Katarzyna Szewczyk-Haake Copyright (c) 2020-12-02 2020-12-02 24 4 71 79 10.26881/ss.2020.24.04 The Philosophy of History in Henrik Ibsen’s early works <p>The early works of Ibsen – which concentrate on historical issues from the old Norwegian past, using material from sagas, folk-tales, and songs – give us a picture of an author who is focused on a national programme. In accordance with the Romantic philosophy of history (historism), Ibsen uses its main categories of causation and explanation of the national past, mainly positing individual ideas as a major shaping force of the course of history and the impact of great personalities. At the same time, Ibsen presents the path for Norwegians to build a strong and independent nation, and the conditions that have to be fulfilled for that to happen.</p> Krystyna Szelągowska Copyright (c) 2020-12-02 2020-12-02 24 4 80 92 10.26881/ss.2020.24.05 From Tabermann to Mr. Baudelaire. Allusions and popular culture references in the Finnish comic Northern Overexposure and their English translations <p>Comics, as other written works, contains allusions that serve many functions and might be difficult to translate due to cultural differences. The aim of this article is to analyse the selected allusions and popular culture references in the Finnish comic Northern Overexposure and compare the Finnish source text with the English target text. In addition, the function of these allusions as well as the relevant cultural background are covered. The examples were analysed with Ritva Leppihalme’s (1997) strategies for translating allusions. The article also provides insight into the Finnish field of comics and the translation process of the selected comic.</p> Laura Santoo Copyright (c) 2020 2020-12-02 2020-12-02 24 4 93 110 10.26881/ss.2020.24.06 Działalność Poselstwa RP w Oslo w latach 1946–1947 <p>The activity of the Polish Legation in Oslo in the years 1946–1947 is one of the most important and, at the same time, one of the most difficult periods in the history of Polish-Norwegian relations. The introduction explains the reasons for such a late sending of a Polish representative, Mieczysław Rogalski, to Norway. Section I presents the biography of Rogalski as well as the experience he gained while working for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The next section describes the negative attitude that the Polish diplomat had during his contacts with the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Utenriksdepartementet), especially in relation to further repatriation of Poles, which was started in autumn 1945 by the liaison officers of the Polish government in exile. Section III presents the diplomatic successes Rogalski had in his relations with Norwegian politicians and also indicates how good his orientation in Norway’s foreign policy was. Finally, the last section contains a description of Legation problems regarding mutual exchange of decorations and orders between Poland and Norway, including in particular political activities connected with the organization of celebrations commemorating the victory at Narvik.</p> Emilia Denkiewicz-Szczepaniak Copyright (c) 2020 2020-12-02 2020-12-02 24 4 11 130 10.26881/ss.2020.24.07 Ziemia Eryka Rudego. Duńsko-norweski spór o terytoria na wschodzie Grenlandii <p>Eric The Red’s Land cannot be found on contemporary maps. There are not many older cartographic publications in which such an area would be marked either. They were published in only one country, Norway, and for a limited time. This was the result of the territorial claims that Norway reported to parts of eastern Greenland. To locate the area in geographical space, the name of Eric The Red’s Land was used (Norwegian: Eirik Raudes Land). Norwegian claims to East Greenland met the strong opposition of Denmark. In the interwar period, it seemed that the verdict of the Permanent International Court of Justice in The Hague, adopted in 1933 and recognizing Denmark’s sovereignty over all of Greenland, had ended the dispute. However, during World War II, Norway raised the issue of the possession of eastern Greenland again. This happened at a time when both Nordic countries were occupied by Germany. The cooperation with Germany undertaken by “Arctic expansionists” ultimately intersected with Norwegian ambitions in the eastern part of Greenland.</p> Krzysztof Kubiak Copyright (c) 2020-12-02 2020-12-02 24 4 131 148 10.26881/ss.2020.24.08 Kwenowie – (nie)zapomniana mniejszość <p>The Kven People have lived in the North Cape area since ancient times. The first account of the <em>Cwenas</em> is to be found in Ohthere’s of Hålogaland account, which dates back to 890 C.E., and describes the existence of peoples living in Cwena land in the north of Sweden. Kven people are said to be descendants of Finnish peasants and fishermen who emigrated from the northern parts of Finland and Sweden to Northern Norway. The tax books from the sixteenth century indicate clearly that the Kven people lived permanently in the area of the Gulf of Bothnia. The Kvens were well integrated, and perceived as a valuable workforce. Still, tempestuous Russian history combined with Finnish dependency on the Russian Empire backfired on the perception of the Kvens in Norway, as they were seen as a menace to national security. As a result, they were made to go through a very strict assimilation process from the nineteenth century onwards. After WWII, their situation became somewhat better, but it still left much to be desired, since they were thought to collaborate with the USSR. The wind of change started to blow in 1996, when the Kvens were granted minority status in Norway, and in 2005 the Kven language was recognized as a minority language in Norway.</p> Sylwia Hlebowicz Copyright (c) 2020-12-02 2020-12-02 24 4 149 172 10.26881/ss.2020.24.09 Zenon Ciesielski, Zapisane w pamięci, czyli meandry mojego życia. Autobiografia, Gdańsk: Wydawnictwo Marpress, 2019, 388 ss. Hieronim Chojnacki Copyright (c) 2020-12-02 2020-12-02 24 4 173 175 Krzysztof Kubiak, Strategia Lokiego. Duńskie terytoria atlantyckie w II wojnie światowej, Warszawa: Tetragon, 2019, 362 ss. Ryszard Czarny Copyright (c) 2020-12-02 2020-12-02 24 4 176 179 Grażyna Szelągowska, Krystyna Szelągowska, Historia Norwegii XIX i XX wieku, Warszawa: Państwowy Instytut Wydawniczy, 2019, 624 ss. Marta Grzechnik Copyright (c) 2020-12-02 2020-12-02 24 4 180 182 Helena Garczyńska, Norweski Ibsen. Polski Ibsen. Przekład form adresatywnych w wybranych dramatach Henryka Ibsena, Gdańsk: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Gdańskiego, 2019, 262 ss. Katarzyna Maćkała Copyright (c) 2020-12-02 2020-12-02 24 4 183 186 Włodzimierz K. Pessel, Czerwono-biali i Biało-Czerwoni. Dania, Polska, Północ – problemy sąsiedztwa kulturowego, Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Akademickie SEDNO, 2019, 610 ss. Kazimierz Musiał Copyright (c) 2020-12-02 2020-12-02 24 4 187 194 Joanna Cymbrykiewicz, Biografia jako pretekst. Modele współczesnych duńskich biofikcji, Poznań: Wydział Neofilologii UAM w Poznaniu, 2019, 236 ss. Maria Sibińska Copyright (c) 2020-12-02 2020-12-02 24 4 195 197 Hanna Dymel-Trzebiatowska, Filozoficzne i translatoryczne wędrówki po Dolinie Muminków, Gdańsk: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Gdańskiego, 2019, 226 ss. Jerzy Szyłak Copyright (c) 2020-12-02 2020-12-02 24 4 198 200 Lena Törnqvist, Ingrid Vang Nyman. En biografi, Sztokholm: Salikon Förlag, 2016, 192 ss. Vår Pippi – vår Vang. Tecknarna hyllar Ingrid Vang Nyman och det moderna genombrottet inom svensk barnboksbild, red. U. Rhedin i G. Grähs, Sztokholm: Salikon Förlag, Hanna Dymel-Trzebiatowska Copyright (c) 2020-12-02 2020-12-02 24 4 201 206 Ingrid Vang Nyman w trzech odsłonach Michał Skrzypczak Natalia Turchan Copyright (c) 2020-12-02 2020-12-02 24 4 209 220 Sprawozdanie z konferencji „Ikonoteksty 2019. Synergia słów i obrazów”, Gdańsk, 28–29 listopada 2019 roku Hanna Dymel-Trzebiatowska Copyright (c) 2020-12-02 2020-12-02 24 4 223 224 Sprawozdanie z „Konferencji Młodych Skandynawistów”, 19 maja 2020 roku Anna Klimont Copyright (c) 2020-12-02 2020-12-02 24 4 225 225