Studia Scandinavica <p>Studia Scandinavica to interdyscyplinarne czasopismo naukowe gdańskich skandynawistów. Podejmując zagadnienia związane z językiem, literaturą, kulturą, historią nadbałtyckiego regionu Europy Północnej, wychodzi naprzeciw rosnącemu w Polsce zainteresowaniu Danią, Norwegią, Szwecją, Islandią, Finlandią.</p> pl-PL (Marta Hajdyła) (Angieszka Kranich-Lamczyk) Wed, 22 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0100 OJS 60 Słowem wstępu Redakcja Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 Studia Scandinavica Wed, 22 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0100 What is Conspicuous about the Nordic Countries in Poland? Past and Present Constructions of Norden in the Polish Press <p>From being regarded as an insignificant and relatively poor region of the continent and on the outskirts of European affairs in the beginning of the twentieth century, a hundred years later the Nordic countries have gained a reputation for being some of the most advanced, prosperous, progressive, and happy nations in the world. The real and palpable achievements of the Nordic economies and societies notwithstanding, the changing image of both the individual countries in the region, and of the Nordic community as a whole, has been constructed by the international print media in relation to their political affiliation or current political and social developments. This analysis looks at the Polish press and demonstrates that the Nordic stories, especially those concerning the present, tend to be constructed as utopian and progressive, rather than as dystopian ones that would be more characteristic of Western European discourse. Accordingly, the Nordic exceptionalism that is covered by the term the Nordic or Scandinavian model still serves more often as inspiration rather than a bogeyman in the general discourse of western-style modernization in Poland.</p> Maja Chacińska, Kazimierz Musiał Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 Wed, 22 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0100 Where Nature and Culture Meld: The Complexity of Arctic Indigenous Language Preservation from an Integrated Ecolinguistic Perspective <p>As the importance of preserving indigenous languages has been highlighted in different fora and numerous contexts, the Arctic appears to be no exception in this regard. The vitality and sustainability of Arctic indigenous languages pervade the discourse on the polar region and lie at the core of the Arctic Indigenous Language Vitality Initiative. To explore the complexity of the endeavor, this conceptual paper analyzes the framing of Arctic indigenous language preservation in selected academic publications as well as institutional documents. Since the use of biomorphic metaphors in the context of language preservation raises numerous doubts regarding their socio-political implications, this paper attempts to address this issue from the perspective of ecolinguistics perceived as both analytical and conceptual lenses to demonstrate that its three complementary strands of research may help bridge the nature-culture divide in general and provide an integrated approach to the preservation of Arctic indigenous languages in particular.</p> Marta Skorek Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 Wed, 22 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0100 Islandzka reforma konstytucyjna w latach 2010–2020 <p>The Icelandic constitution was passed on June 17, 1944. Amendments were passed in 1959, 1984, 1991, 1995, and, 1999. None of them introduced any significant changes to the original document. The financial crisis of 2008 caused a decline in public trust of politicians and the existing political system in Icelandic society. Icelanders began to demand a review of the constitution. Constitutional reform began in 2010 and continues to this day.</p> Anna Wszołek Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 Wed, 22 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0100 Saamowie i ich kultura codzienna w filmie i reportażu z pierwszej połowy XX wieku – rekonstrukcja tożsamości w tekstach kultury <p>The Saami people are indigenous people and ethnic minorities living in Sápmi, which encompasses the northern areas of Finland, Norway, Sweden, and the Kola Peninsula in Russia. At the beginning of the twentieth century, interest in Saami began to grow among Swedish researchers, journalists, writers, and film-makers (Jordahl 2014). The aim of this article is to compare the depiction of the attributes of Sami identity as reconstructed in cultural texts from the first half of the twentieth century. The main subject of the analysis is the Swedish feature film Midnattssolens son (The Son of the Midnight Sun) directed by Rolf Husberg and Thor L. Brooks from 1939 and the non-fiction book by the Swedish journalist Ester Blenda Nordström Kåtornas folk (People of the Cots) from 1916.</p> Maja Chacińska Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 Studia Scandinavica Wed, 22 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0100 Hvem var Olaf Malm? Er det levende modeller bak denne figuren i romanen Fra Piazza del Popolo av Vilhelm Bergsøe? <p>Based on the Nordic sculptor community in Rome around 1860, the article discusses candidates that served as inspiration for the fictional Olaf Malm from Telemark, the protagonist in the chapter “Malms historie” in Vilhelm Bergsøe’s key novel Fra Piazza del Popolo (1866). Some of the clues in the text are Malm’s sculptural works. A study of different sources and earlier research together with the candidates’ personality, biography, and travel patterns point in a new direction and strengthen the probability of the Norwegian sculptor Hans Johnsen Budal as being the main model, whereas some traits hint at the Danish sculptor Herman W. Bissen. The candidacy of the sculptor Olaf Glosimodt, which is established in Norway, however, is no longer credible.</p> Åse Markussen Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 Wed, 22 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0100 Human and Non-human Representations in Maja Lunde’s Fiction: A New Materialist and Post-Speciesist Approach <p>The article focuses on Maja Lunde’s “climate quartet,” read from the perspective of post-speciesist theory and new materialism. Apart from dealing with climate change and dystopian futures, Lunde’s fiction also tackles the poetics and politics of the non-human (be it non-human animals or the non-human environment), which is no longer perceived as inherently submissive and dependent on the human, but possesses a life of its own. In new materialism’s terms, non-human (organic/inorganic, animate/inanimate) bodies are self-generative and self-sufficient, able to affect and influence other bodies.</p> Călina-Maria Moldovan Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 Wed, 22 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0100 Vejen over Lemberg: A Dane’s Impressions of Lemberg/Lviv in 1711: Just Juel and His Travels through the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth <p>This article analyzes an excerpt from the travel diary of Just Juel, who was a Danish envoy to Peter the Great in 1709–1711. Particular attention is paid to Juel’s travel through the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and his visit to Lemberg/Lviv in 1711, its historical context, and possible interpretations based on approaches of cultural history.</p> Iryna Papa Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 Wed, 22 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0100 Norwegian Experimental Literature in Dag Solstad’s "Svingstol" and Jan Erik Vold’s "BusteR brenneR" <p>This paper aims to present Norwegian experimental literature in the 1960s with respect to the profilister’s literary orientation and to the concept of nyenkelhet (new simplicity). It begins with a presentation of the Norwegian literary context, the accent being placed on Profil and the new generation of young Norwegian writers who formed both the Literary Circle Profil and founded the literary magazine of the same name. The first section of the paper entitled “Norwegian Literature in the 1960s and the ‘Profilister’ Vold and Solstad” is an introduction to a newly formed literary sphere which includes not only experimental poems and fiction but also critical essays and book reviews. To present the new ideas of these young writers, we have used appropriate theoretical articles selected from Profil regarding Norwegian fiction, the role of the writer in society, and Norwegian Modernism of the 1960s. A new type of Norwegian literature is also characterized by the concept of nyenkelhet (new simplicity) introduced to Norway by Jan Erik Vold’s experimental poems. The two following sections approach the concept of nyenkelhet (new simplicity) from two different literary perspectives: as they are reflected in Dag Solstad’s collection of short stories entitled Svingstol (Swivel Chair; 1967) and Jan Erik Vold’s volume of prose poems BusteR brenneR (1976). In addition, the article outlines the concept of nyenkelhet (new simplicity) as it is presented by the Norwegian writer Dag Solstad in the article “Tingene og verden” (Things and the World), published in Profil in 1967.</p> Raluca-Daniela Duinea Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 Wed, 22 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0100 Anledningen til å jobbe fritt (Milada Blekastads virksomhet) <p>Milada Blekastad (1917–2003) was a translator, writer, and university lecturer. She was born in Prague; however, she spent most of her life in Norway. She translated books from Czech to Norwegian and vice versa. Blekastad was also a scholar focusing on the work of Jan Amos Comenius (1592–1670), a leading humanist, theologist, philosopher, and pedagog. Norway helped Blekastad to develop her full potential. In return, she worked hard to introduce Czech (or wider European) cultural values to Norway through her work. What circumstances shaped the mutually enriching relationship between Blekastad and the Norwegian intellectual, academic, and cultural environments? What drove her rising social trajectory? To answer these questions, one must look at the social fields she operated in, at her habitus, and at the cultural and economic capital she managed to turn into symbolic capital in a country that was not her homeland.</p> Karolína Stehlíková Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 Wed, 22 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0100 «Han har da ei Lærebygning» Aasmund Olavsson Vinje sitt syn på Knud Knudsen i Dølen <p>Knud Knudsen (1812–1895) and Aasmund O. Vinje (1818–1870) were two prominent Norwegian figures in the nineteenth century. Although they are both frequently mentioned in various books and texts about Norwegian language history, there are no studies focusing on a comparison of the two of them. They had strong opinions on various topics and often participated in public debates. In addition to this, they are intertwined with the early development of what later became the two Norwegian written languages: bokmål and nynorsk. Vinje is usually associated with what later became nynorsk, while Knudsen is a part of the history of bokmål. This dichotomy, however, obscures some of the details in the relationship between these two very complex men. The aim of this article is to share some nuances in the relationship between the two of them and to discuss their differences and similarities.</p> Evy Beate Stykket Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 Wed, 22 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0100 Jens Andersen, Żyje się tylko dziś. Nowa biografia Astrid Lindgren, transl. W.K. Pessel, Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Akademickie SEDNO, 2021, 479 pp. Hanna Dymel-Trzebiatowska Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 Wed, 22 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0100 Helena Březinová, Slavíci, mořské víly a bolavé zuby, Pohádky H.Ch. Andersena: mezi romantismem a modernitou, Brno: Host, 2018, 382 pp. Viola Parente-Čapková Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 Wed, 22 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0100 Karolina Drozdowska, Magdalena Podlaska, Przekład współczesnej prozy nordyckiej to nie problem, to wyzwanie!, Gdańsk: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Gdańskiego, 2019, 114 pp. Joanna Cymbrykiewicz Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 Wed, 22 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0100 Marit Eikemo, Anders Heger, Kim Hiorthøy, Egil Halmøy, Erlend Loe, Finn Skårderud, Smilefjes: Fem samtaler med Erlend, Oslo: Cappelen Damm, 2019, 166 pp. Paul-Daniel Golban Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 Wed, 22 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0100 Polsko-skandynawskie stosunki kulturalne, naukowe i polityczne od XVI do XX wieku, pod red. A. Kłonczyńskiego, G. Majewskiej, Gdańsk: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Gdańskiego, 2021, 156 ss Maria Sibińska Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 Wed, 22 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0100 Dzieje przedstawicielstw Królestwa Danii w Gdańsku i Gdyni, pod red. A. Kłonczyńskiego, P. Paluchowskiego, Pelplin: Wydawnictwo Bernardinum, 2019, 223 ss. Michał Przeperski Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 Wed, 22 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0100 Piotr Wawrzeniuk, Med polska ögon. Försvarsförmåga och hotbilder kring Östersjön i polsk militärrapportering 1919–1939, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2020, 264 ss. Marta Grzechnik Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 Wed, 22 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0100 Obszary fennistyki. Język – kultura – naród, ed. K. Wojan, Series: Studia Północnoeuropejskie, Gdańsk: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Gdańskiego, 2019, 346 pp Ewelina Bator Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 Wed, 22 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0100 Sprawozdanie z sympozjum „Fließende Grenzen / Flydende grænser” Józef Jarosz Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 Wed, 22 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0100