Studia Scandinavica <p>Studia Scandinavica to interdyscyplinarne czasopismo naukowe gdańskich skandynawistów. Podejmując zagadnienia związane z językiem, literaturą, kulturą, historią nadbałtyckiego regionu Europy Północnej, wychodzi naprzeciw rosnącemu w Polsce zainteresowaniu Danią, Norwegią, Szwecją, Islandią, Finlandią.</p> pl-PL (Marta Hajdyła) (Angieszka Kranich-Lamczyk) Wed, 19 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0100 OJS 60 Sprawozdanie z sympozjum „Fließende Grenzen / Flydende grænser” Józef Jarosz Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 Tue, 25 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0100 Słowem wstępu Redakcja Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 Studia Scandinavica Wed, 19 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0100 What is Conspicuous about the Nordic Countries in Poland? Past and Present Constructions of Norden in the Polish Press <p>From being regarded as an insignificant and relatively poor region of the continent and on the outskirts<br>of European affairs in the beginning of the twentieth century, a hundred years later<br>the Nordic countries have gained a reputation for being some of the most advanced, prosperous,<br>progressive, and happy nations in the world. The real and palpable achievements of the Nordic<br>economies and societies notwithstanding, the changing image of both the individual countries<br>in the region, and of the Nordic community as a whole, has been constructed by the international<br>print media in relation to their political affiliation or current political and social developments.<br>This analysis looks at the Polish press and demonstrates that the Nordic stories, especially<br>those concerning the present, tend to be constructed as utopian and progressive, rather than<br>as dystopian ones that would be more characteristic of Western European discourse. Accordingly,<br>the Nordic exceptionalism that is covered by the term the Nordic or Scandinavian model still<br>serves more often as inspiration rather than a bogeyman in the general discourse of western-style<br>modernization in Poland.</p> Maja Chacińska, Kazimierz Musiał Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 Tue, 25 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0100 Nature and Culture Meld: The Complexity of Arctic Indigenous Language Preservation from an Integrated Ecolinguistic Perspective <p>As the importance of preserving indigenous languages has been highlighted in different<br>fora and numerous contexts, the Arctic appears to be no exception in this regard.<br>The vitality and sustainability of Arctic indigenous languages pervade the discourse on the polar<br>region and lie at the core of the Arctic Indigenous Language Vitality Initiative. To explore<br>the complexity of the endeavor, this conceptual paper analyzes the framing of Arctic indigenous<br>language preservation in selected academic publications as well as institutional documents.<br>Since the use of biomorphic metaphors in the context of language preservation raises numerous<br>doubts regarding their socio-political implications, this paper attempts to address this issue from<br>the perspective of ecolinguistics perceived as both analytical and conceptual lenses to demonstrate<br>that its three complementary strands of research may help bridge the nature-culture<br>divide in general and provide an integrated approach to the preservation of Arctic indigenous<br>languages in particular.</p> Marta Skorek Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 Tue, 25 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0100 Islandzka reforma konstytucyjna w latach 2010–2020 <p>The Icelandic constitution was passed on June 17, 1944. Amendments were passed in 1959, 1984,<br>1991, 1995, and, 1999. None of them introduced any significant changes to the original document.<br>The financial crisis of 2008 caused a decline in public trust of politicians and the existing<br>political system in Icelandic society. Icelanders began to demand a review of the constitution.<br>Constitutional reform began in 2010 and continues to this day.</p> Anna Wszołek Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 Tue, 25 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0100 Saamowie i ich kultura codzienna w filmie i reportażu z pierwszej połowy XX wieku – rekonstrukcja tożsamości w tekstach kultury <p>The Saami people are indigenous people and ethnic minorities living in Sápmi, which encompasses<br>the northern areas of Finland, Norway, Sweden, and the Kola Peninsula in Russia. At the<br>beginning of the twentieth century, interest in Saami began to grow among Swedish researchers,<br>journalists, writers, and film-makers (Jordahl 2014). The aim of this article is to compare the<br>depiction of the attributes of Sami identity as reconstructed in cultural texts from the first half of<br>the twentieth century. The main subject of the analysis is the Swedish feature film Midnattssolens<br>son (The Son of the Midnight Sun) directed by Rolf Husberg and Thor L. Brooks from 1939 and<br>the non-fiction book by the Swedish journalist Ester Blenda Nordström Kåtornas folk (People<br>of the Cots) from 1916.</p> Maja Chacińska Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 Studia Scandinavica Wed, 19 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0100 Hvem var Olaf Malm? Er det levende modeller bak denne figuren i romanen Fra Piazza del Popolo av Vilhelm Bergsøe? <p>Based on the Nordic sculptor community in Rome around 1860, the article discusses candidates<br>that served as inspiration for the fictional Olaf Malm from Telemark, the protagonist in the<br>chapter “Malms historie” in Vilhelm Bergsøe’s key novel Fra Piazza del Popolo (1866). Some of<br>the clues in the text are Malm’s sculptural works. A study of different sources and earlier research<br>together with the candidates’ personality, biography, and travel patterns point in a new direction<br>and strengthen the probability of the Norwegian sculptor Hans Johnsen Budal as being the main<br>model, whereas some traits hint at the Danish sculptor Herman W. Bissen. The candidacy of<br>the sculptor Olaf Glosimodt, which is established in Norway, however, is no longer credible.</p> Åse Markussen Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 Tue, 25 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0100 Human and Non-human Representations in Maja Lunde’s Fiction: A New Materialist and Post-Speciesist Approach <p>The article focuses on Maja Lunde’s “climate quartet,” read from the perspective of post-speciesist<br>theory and new materialism. Apart from dealing with climate change and dystopian futures,<br>Lunde’s fiction also tackles the poetics and politics of the non-human (be it non-human animals<br>or the non-human environment), which is no longer perceived as inherently submissive<br>and dependent on the human, but possesses a life of its own. In new materialism’s terms,<br>non-human (organic/inorganic, animate/inanimate) bodies are self-generative and self-sufficient,<br>able to affect and influence other bodies.</p> Călina-Maria Moldovan Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 Tue, 25 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0100 Vejen over Lemberg: A Dane’s Impressions of Lemberg/Lviv in 1711: Just Juel and His Travels through the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth <p>This article analyzes an excerpt from the travel diary of Just Juel, who was a Danish envoy to Peter<br>the Great in 1709–1711. Particular attention is paid to Juel’s travel through the Polish–Lithuanian<br>Commonwealth and his visit to Lemberg/Lviv in 1711, its historical context, and possible<br>interpretations based on approaches of cultural history.</p> Iryna Papa Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 Tue, 25 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0100 Norwegian Experimental Literature in Dag Solstad’s Svingstol and Jan Erik Vold’s BusteR brenneR <p>This paper aims to present Norwegian experimental literature in the 1960s with respect to the profilister’s<br>literary orientation and to the concept of nyenkelhet (new simplicity). It begins with<br>a presentation of the Norwegian literary context, the accent being placed on Profil and the new<br>generation of young Norwegian writers who formed both the Literary Circle Profil and founded<br>the literary magazine of the same name. The first section of the paper entitled “Norwegian Literature<br>in the 1960s and the ‘Profilister’ Vold and Solstad” is an introduction to a newly formed<br>literary sphere which includes not only experimental poems and fiction but also critical essays<br>and book reviews. To present the new ideas of these young writers, we have used appropriate<br>theoretical articles selected from Profil regarding Norwegian fiction, the role of the writer<br>in society, and Norwegian Modernism of the 1960s. A new type of Norwegian literature is also<br>characterized by the concept of nyenkelhet (new simplicity) introduced to Norway by Jan Erik<br>Vold’s experimental poems. The two following sections approach the concept of nyenkelhet<br>(new simplicity) from two different literary perspectives: as they are reflected in Dag Solstad’s<br>collection of short stories entitled Svingstol (Swivel Chair; 1967) and Jan Erik Vold’s volume<br>of prose poems BusteR brenneR (1976). In addition, the article outlines the concept of nyenkelhet<br>(new simplicity) as it is presented by the Norwegian writer Dag Solstad in the article “Tingene<br>og verden” (Things and the World), published in Profil in 1967.</p> Raluca-Daniela Duinea Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 Tue, 25 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0100 Anledningen til å jobbe fritt <p>Milada Blekastad (1917–2003) was a translator, writer, and university lecturer. She was born<br>in Prague; however, she spent most of her life in Norway. She translated books from Czech<br>to Norwegian and vice versa. Blekastad was also a scholar focusing on the work of Jan Amos<br>Comenius (1592–1670), a leading humanist, theologist, philosopher, and pedagog.<br>Norway helped Blekastad to develop her full potential. In return, she worked hard to introduce<br>Czech (or wider European) cultural values to Norway through her work. What circumstances<br>shaped the mutually enriching relationship between Blekastad and the Norwegian intellectual,<br>academic, and cultural environments? What drove her rising social trajectory? To answer these<br>questions, one must look at the social fields she operated in, at her habitus, and at the cultural<br>and economic capital she managed to turn into symbolic capital in a country that was not her<br>homeland.</p> Karolína Stehlíková Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 Tue, 25 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0100 «Han har da ei Lærebygning» Aasmund Olavsson Vinje sitt syn på Knud Knudsen i Dølen <p>Knud Knudsen (1812–1895) and Aasmund O. Vinje (1818–1870) were two prominent Norwegian<br>figures in the nineteenth century. Although they are both frequently mentioned in various books<br>and texts about Norwegian language history, there are no studies focusing on a comparison of<br>the two of them. They had strong opinions on various topics and often participated in public<br>debates. In addition to this, they are intertwined with the early development of what later became<br>the two Norwegian written languages: bokmål and nynorsk. Vinje is usually associated with<br>what later became nynorsk, while Knudsen is a part of the history of bokmål. This dichotomy,<br>however, obscures some of the details in the relationship between these two very complex men.<br>The aim of this article is to share some nuances in the relationship between the two of them and<br>to discuss their differences and similarities.</p> Evy Beate Stykket Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 Tue, 25 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0100 Jens Andersen, Żyje się tylko dziś. Nowa biografia Astrid Lindgren, transl. W.K. Pessel, Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Akademickie SEDNO, 2021, 479 pp. Hanna Dymel-Trzebiatowska Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 Tue, 25 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0100 Helena Březinová, Slavíci, mořské víly a bolavé zuby, Pohádky H.Ch. Andersena: mezi romantismem a modernitou, Brno: Host, 2018, 382 pp. Viola Parente-Čapková Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 Tue, 25 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0100 Karolina Drozdowska, Magdalena Podlaska, Przekład współczesnej prozy nordyckiej to nie problem, to wyzwanie!, Gdańsk: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Gdańskiego, 2019, 114 pp. Joanna Cymbrykiewicz Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 Tue, 25 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0100 Marit Eikemo, Anders Heger, Kim Hiorthøy, Egil Halmøy, Erlend Loe, Finn Skårderud, Smilefjes: Fem samtaler med Erlend, Oslo: Cappelen Damm, 2019, 166 pp. Paul-Daniel Golban Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 Tue, 25 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0100 Polsko-skandynawskie stosunki kulturalne, naukowe i polityczne od XVI do XX wieku, pod red. A. Kłonczyńskiego, G. Majewskiej, Gdańsk: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Gdańskiego, 2021, 156 ss Maria Sibińska Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 Tue, 25 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0100 Dzieje przedstawicielstw Królestwa Danii w Gdańsku i Gdyni, pod red. A. Kłonczyńskiego, P. Paluchowskiego, Pelplin: Wydawnictwo Bernardinum, 2019, 223 ss. Michał Przeperski Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 Tue, 25 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0100 Piotr Wawrzeniuk, Med polska ögon. Försvarsförmåga och hotbilder kring Östersjön i polsk militärrapportering 1919–1939, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2020, 264 ss. Marta Grzechnik Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 Tue, 25 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0100 Obszary fennistyki. Język – kultura – naród, ed. K. Wojan, Series: Studia Północnoeuropejskie, Gdańsk: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Gdańskiego, 2019, 346 pp Ewelina Bator Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 Tue, 25 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0100