Etnografia. Praktyki, Teorie, Doświadczenia <p>Czasopismo „Etnografia. Praktyki, Teorie, Doświadczenia” jest periodykiem naukowym, w którym zamieszczane są artykuły naukowe oraz inne teksty naukowe z zakresu antropologii kulturowej/etnologii, socjologii, pedagogiki, historii, folklorystyki, studiów kulturowych oraz innych dyscyplin nauk społecznych i humanistycznych stosujących etnografię jako praktykę badawczą.</p> Wydawnictwo UG pl-PL Etnografia. Praktyki, Teorie, Doświadczenia 2392-0971 Laudacja wygłoszona podczas ceremonii wręczenia Księdzu Profesorowi Wojciechowi Bębnowi Nagrody im. Benedykta Polaka <p>The article provides an outline of the career of Rev. Prof. Wojciech Bęben as a prominent ethnologist, experienced field researcher an expert in the indigenous peoples of New Guinea and Oceania. The author presents the biography and contribution of Wojciech Bęben, juxtaposing them with the achievements of other distinguished Polish researchers in this area – Jan Kubary and Bronisław Malinowski<br><br></p> Aleksander Posern-Zieliński Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 Etnografia. Praktyki, Teorie, Doświadczenia 2021-12-23 2021-12-23 7 25–32 25–32 10.26881/etno.2021.7.02 Poznawać, wierzyć, kochać. O Wojciechu Bębnie i jego wielu światach <p>The article presents the prominent Polish ethnologist and missionary, Rev. Prof. Wojciech Bęben. First, the text outlines the scholar’s academic biography and describes four distinct stages of his work. The first stage was related to research in the Manam Motu Island,<br>the second one involved long-term, in-depth fieldwork on the Bam (Biem) Island, the third included research among the peoples of New Guinea, while the last has been related to fieldwork in the Torres Strait Islands and has involved travels to Australia, New Zealand and Polynesia. In the second part, the text presents the scientific achievements of Wojciech Bęben, his publications, teaching legacy and his contribution to the organization of scientific activities.</p> Mariusz Kairski Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 2021-12-23 2021-12-23 7 33–42 33–42 10.26881/etno.2021.7.03 Kartki z dziejów gdańskiego ośrodka etnologicznego <p>Ethnological Studies at the University of Gdańsk were established in 2009, making Gdańsk Ethnology Department the youngest department among anthropology-related research<br>institutions in Poland. The article discusses the history and development of Ethnology Studies in Gdańsk. It focuses on the academic profiles of scholars affiliated with<br>the Department, their research and the achievements of their students. In particular, the author discusses achievements of Father Wojciech Bęben (Professor of Ethnology<br>at the University of Gdańsk), who in 2009–2019 served as the Head of the Department of Ethnology (and Cultural Anthropology) at the University of Gdańsk.</p> Jacek Splisgart Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 2021-12-23 2021-12-23 7 43–57 43–57 10.26881/etno.2021.7.04 Życie „pomiędzy”. O antropologii i badaniach terenowych – rozmowa z ks. prof. Wojciechem Bębnem <p>Barbara Jutrzenka-Trzebiatowska talks to Wojciech Bęben about anthropology and field<br>research.</p> Barbara Jutrzenka-Trzebiatowska Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 2021-12-23 2021-12-23 7 59–65 59–65 10.26881/etno.2021.7.05 Etnografia osobista. Antropolożka i antropolog w terenie <p>The article presents the idea of personal ethnography, i.e. the anthropologists’ individual experiences that include practical, existential, and emotional dimensions of ethnographic field research. Such experiences and their details are largely absent in scientific papers, due to their apparent irrelevance for research results. Nevertheless, they form an indispensable part of ethnographic research, influencing its scientific findings. This article not only emphasizes the need to include this aspect of ethnographic research in the methodological reflection, but also points out the differences and similarities between personal ethnography and autoethnography, following the main threads of personal experiences from fieldwork.</p> Tarzycjusz Buliński Aleksander Posern-Zieliński Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 2021-12-23 2021-12-23 7 9–20 9–20 10.26881/etno.2021.7.01 Spowiedź antropologiczna. Z notatek PRL-owskiego etnografa – o niektórych kontekstach badań terenowych w Sudanie <p>This article is based on field notes from the author’s first independent ethnographic research, conducted in 1989–1991 in Sudan. Reflecting on the path that led him to anthropology during the last decade of the Polish People’s Republic, just before the political<br>transformation in Poland, he revisits his first ethnographic experience in the field, during student expeditions to Africa, focusing in particular on his long doctoral fieldwork<br>in Sudan, spanning a year and a half. Examined years later, the text reveals facts, now salient but which then seemed obvious, or, for some reason, were not to be mentioned.<br>The goal is to provide some insights into the history of Polish ethnography during the communist period.</p> Maciej Ząbek Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 2021-12-23 2021-12-23 7 71–97 71–97 10.26881/etno.2021.7.06 Relacja, zobowiązanie, współpraca. Założenia i wyzwania badań etnograficznych wśród osób niewidomych <p>The article presents the main assumptions and conditions of collaboration between the author and the vision-impaired research participants over several years of ethnographic research (2011–2017). Adopting the perspective of philosophy of dialogue, the author follows different stages of rapport, focusing on mutual expectations and emotions, as well as relationship dynamics and its underlying conditions in general. The author’s long-term research was inspired by concepts developed by Luke Lassiter in his collaborative ethnography and by Anna Wyka in her social research through shared experience, both of which marked the author’s ethical and methodological choices, including invitation extended to research participants to comment on the research findings. The second part of the article is based on research participants’ impressions and reflections on their role, engagement and relationship with the researcher.</p> Kamil Pietrowiak Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 2021-12-23 2021-12-23 7 99–110 99–110 10.26881/etno.2021.7.07 A pomidory są te, co zawsze. Refleksje z baskijskiego terenu <p>This article focuses on personal experience of fieldwork in the Basque Country. The author reflects on the linguistic and political dimensions of her research, on the relationship between the researcher and research participants, and on the emotional challenges<br>of ethnographic fieldwork, with particular focus on the impact of motherhood on such research. Emphasizing the importance of autoethnography, the author also points out a variety of approaches to the research process and ways of presenting research results.</p> Katarzyna Mirgos Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 2021-12-23 2021-12-23 7 111–126 111–126 10.26881/etno.2021.7.08 „Teraz ci powiem”. Praktykowanie przekraczania granic <p>The article presents an account of the author’s research path, following subsequent stages of the relationships formed between the author and the Gypsy-Roma people from the Chaładytka Roma group and the Polska Roma group. The description focuses on overcoming barriers of strangeness and cultural difference, and discusses different phases<br>of rapport-building and developing mutual trust, along with their impact on the author’s access to various family and social situations. The author reflects on the characteristics that regulate the functioning of the group, its internal rules and hierarchies, as well as attitudes towards other Gypsies-Roma people. The article highlights some changes in the life of Gypsy-Roma people in Poland following forced settlement and transition to a settled lifestyle.</p> Lech Mróz Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 2021-12-23 2021-12-23 7 127–150 127–150 10.26881/etno.2021.7.09 Obrazki z terenu albo oniryczne reminiscencje Laboratoriów etnograficznych <div class="page" title="Page 14"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>I present multi-sensory memories from my field research that keep imbuing encounters with people and other beings with specific meaning. Such memories combine dialogues with pictures, sounds, smells and tastes, and can be conceived of as inspiration underly- ing ethnographic and anthropological research. In this context, I reflect on the method of teaching skills of ethnographic field research within “Ethnographic Laboratories”, a module introduced as part of the teaching curriculum at the Institute of Ethnology and Cultural Anthropology, University of Warsaw.</p> </div> </div> </div> Magdalena Zowczak Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 2021-12-23 2021-12-23 7 151–164 151–164 10.26881/etno.2021.7.10 Strefa kontaktu, czyli interaktywne relacje antropologa w terenie <div class="page" title="Page 15"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Based on the classic concept developed by M.L. Pratt and the author’s experience of fieldwork in Africa, this article discusses methods of building a contact zone during anthropological field research. Under the conditions of such research, a limited space of mutual, lasting, interactive relations is created between the anthropologist and the local social environment. The contact zone understood in this way is produced discursively and practiced physically. The time factor and coordination of the anthropologist’s availa- bility with the rhythm of life in the studied community are paramount. The contact zone may have different scope and social depth – it will be shallow, scattered and short-lived in field research covering an extensive area, but will acquire an interactive depth during an “intensive habitation”, when an anthropologist shares everyday life with the studied community.</p> </div> </div> </div> Ryszard Vorbrich Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 2021-12-23 2021-12-23 7 167–181 167–181 10.26881/etno.2021.7.11 Szczęśliwy traf i tubylczy partner w badaniach terenowych. Z doświadczeń antropologa w USA i Ameryce Południowej <div class="page" title="Page 31"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>The main theme of this essay is twofold: 1. the role of unforeseen, unplanned events and encounters that usually take place in the course of ethnographic fieldwork, and 2. the advantages and disadvantages of fieldwork collaboration with an indigenous partner/assistant, combining his/her competences in local matters with that in social sciences. These reflections are based on the author’s experiences from research carried out in the U.S., focusing on the Polish-American diaspora and from studies conducted among indigenous communities of the Andean America. The cases discussed are related to the situation in Ecuador and Bolivia, and above all Chile, where the author carried out his fieldwork in the area of Araucania, the native land of Mapuche.</p> </div> </div> </div> Aleksander Posern-Zieliński Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 2021-12-23 2021-12-23 7 183–214 183–214 10.26881/etno.2021.7.12 Wdowy, polityczki, feministki i ja. Esej o antropologii na rogu ulicy <div class="page" title="Page 21"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>In the article, I tell the stories of a few female research partners of mine, who accompanied me during ethnographic fieldwork on forced displacement at the UNESCO World Heritage site in Hampi, India. These women differed in every respect: their ethnic origin and caste, religious affiliation, age, marriage status, social position, level of education, and person- ality. What they had in common was their agency in challenging social expectations and an extraordinary capability to be resilient. I scrutinize my close, albeit not always easy relationships with them, the process of rapport-building in the field, the power relations inscribed in ethnographic research and my own changing positionality vis-a-vis women from my street in Hampi.</p> </div> </div> </div> Natalia Bloch Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 2021-12-23 2021-12-23 7 215–235 215–235 10.26881/etno.2021.7.13 Ciało i naród. O doświadczaniu uczestnictwa i pozycjonowaniu antropologa w terenie <div class="page" title="Page 14"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>This article offers reflections arising from my three-year field research with the Ukrainian diaspora in two Canadian cities. Drawing on this field experience, I present the body as a research tool and the impact of work performed by the ethnographer’s body. I discuss my multi-sensory field experience and the experience of participation, which are inter- twined with the increasingly important issue of ethnographer’s positionality in the field, and – in my view – the utopian freedom to choose or negotiate professional identities. My considerations are embedded within the insider-outsider dialectics (not opposition) and point to the contextual “nativeness” and “strangeness” of the researcher. I claim that the act of attribution of social class and ethnicity by our field partners influences our field- work and may have long-lasting consequences in the ethnographer’s later life, including their private life. I also discuss the fluidity and contextuality of a researcher’s familiarity with their field, including research situations where fieldwork is done with “one’s own people” or in cooperation with “one’s own people”, i.e. when and how familiarity is trans- formed into strangeness.</p> </div> </div> </div> Patrycja Trzeszczyńska Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 2021-12-23 2021-12-23 7 237–250 237–250 10.26881/etno.2021.7.14 Teren, wspólnota, etyka: w poszukiwaniu „właściwej” drogi w terenowych badaniach antropologicznych <div class="page" title="Page 12"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>In this article, I elaborate on some ethical and methodological doubts that have emerged in the course of my ethnographic fieldwork. They relate to the process of constructing the field, moments of collective experimentation, and the process of developing long-term relationships between the ethnographer and his or her interlocutors. I show how the stage of constructing the field may be uncertain and contingent, yet at the same time crucial for understanding the studied phenomena. I then explain how some forms of closeness and friendship in the field may be also transform into common social and artistic projects. Finally, I reflect on deeper ethical tensions related to authorship and authorization during the writing-up stage of research. I argue that some forms of collaboration in the field lead both towards a form of shared authorship and to the necessity to make our interlocutors’ identity anonymous and invisible.</p> </div> </div> </div> Tomasz Rakowski Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 2021-12-23 2021-12-23 7 253–264 253–264 10.26881/etno.2021.7.15 Niematerialny świat Dul-dul at. O procesie zanurzania w świat Innych, o relacjach, ludziach i innych bytach <div class="page" title="Page 21"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>This essay is a non-linear record of memories from the author’s anthropological field- work in southern Kyrgyzstan. The research concerns a place called Dul-dul at, a site of petroglyphs with a dominant motif of animals interpreted as a pair of horses. The area at the foot of the rock with petroglyphs is also a pilgrimage and ritual site for healing and spiritual practices. The narrative of memories shows the transformation not only of the place of research, but also of the researcher: between the first stay (in 2006) to the last (in 2019). Subsequent studies reveal the dependencies of people involved in social rela- tions on the material and non-material world of Dul-dul at. Consecutive memories reveal layers of knowledge and ignorance, and how the researcher penetrates the community of the Others and the way they perceive the world.</p> </div> </div> </div> Sylwia Pietrowiak Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 2021-12-23 2021-12-23 7 265–285 265–285 10.26881/etno.2021.7.16 Kangur – totem czy esencja? Dwie koncepcje krajobrazu <div class="page" title="Page 9"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>The paper analyzes landscapes of indigenous societies. Howard Morphy, in his work focusing on the Aborigines, treated the landscape as a representation of past mythical events. Such an approach involves taking a closer look at the material aspects of landscape and emphasizes the existence of realties between contemporary Aborigines and the past. A different theoretical approach was developed by Tim Ingold, conceptualizing landscape as a human-land relationship based on essence, where all beings derive their essential form and substance directly from the land, which embodies the creative forces of the ancestors. Ingold’s understanding of landscape led me to rethink my research in the Altai Mountains of Southern Siberia, conducted 25 years ago. I argue that the relationship with the land is crucial for the Altaian people. The land’s essence is not changeable and all living beings are its emanation. The landscape is therefore not a record of the past, but an active field in which the relationship between human and non-human subjects and the land is established.</p> </div> </div> </div> Łukasz Smyrski Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 2021-12-23 2021-12-23 7 287–295 287–295 10.26881/etno.2021.7.17 Papuzie węże, wężowa cykada. O międzygatunkowym podzielaniu właściwości w etnozoologiach i kosmologiach Indian i Metysów Amazonii <div class="page" title="Page 24"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>In this article, I present two examples of animals which, according to the Matsigenka and other native and mestizo Amazonians, share important properties with other, unre- lated (from the Western, or scientific point of view) animal species. The first example con- cerns the two-striped forest-pitviper (Bothrops bilineatus), which the Matsigenka and some other indigenous peoples associate with several species of parrots. According to the indig- enous view, there exist several „species” (ethnospecies) of the two-striped forest-pitviper, each of them sharing color patterns with particular parrot species. The second example concerns the lantern-fly (Fulgora laternaria, Fulgora spp.), an insect which in many parts of South America is considered a deadly, venomous snake in cicada-like form.</p> </div> </div> </div> Kacper Świerk Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 2021-12-23 2021-12-23 7 297–321 297–321 10.26881/etno.2021.7.18 W poszukiwaniu Bukowińczyków wśród społeczności polonijnej Brazylii. Kilka refleksji z badań w stanach Santa Catarina i Parana <div class="page" title="Page 20"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>The article presents an account of research among a group of immigrants in Brazil, con- sisting of people originating from Bukovina. The group is presented against the backdrop of history and contemporary life of the Polish community residing in the states of Santa Catarina and Paranaʾ. The article describes trajectories of people hailing from various parts of Poland, who migrated to southern Brazil at the turn of the 19th and 20th century following the so-called “Brazilian fever” (the economic bubble of the 1880s). It presents the results of field research carried out in 2016–2017 and 2019, most of which refer to the research participants’“ethnic condition” and identity.</p> </div> </div> </div> Eugeniusz Kłosek Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 2021-12-23 2021-12-23 7 325–344 325–344 10.26881/etno.2021.7.19 Śladami pierwszych misjonarzy protestanckich w Himalajach <div class="page" title="Page 18"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>The Moravian Brethren formed a very particular community within the Protestant Church. Above all, they had a distinct understanding of the Christian ministry and, consequently, their group had a disctinct missionary character. They were the first to undertake Protestant missions among peoples living far from the centers of civilization and administrative power. This paper describes the author’s encounter with the Himala- yan cultures and traces of Moravian missionaries’ work in the area, discerned over many years of research focusing on the past European activity, its contexts and the durability of cultural solutions it promoted.</p> </div> </div> </div> Rafał Beszterda Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 2021-12-23 2021-12-23 7 345–362 345–362 10.26881/etno.2021.7.20 Tworzenie wspólnego ciała, czyli o przetwarzaniu terenu wśród boliwijskich Moré <div class="page" title="Page 20"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>The aim of this anthropological essay is to present the emotional and intellectual processes accompanying me over the years of field research among the Bolivian Moré, who belong to the Chapacura language family. The narrative structure is twofold: addressing both topics and issues that motivated me intellectually to do the research, and the attitudes of Moré themselves, as well as conceptual categories around which their narratives seem to focus. Some passages of this essay take a more analytical form, as I focus on the impor- tance of unpredictable events, the context, and the transformation of field experience over time during the research process. I conclude that both sides of the fieldwork encounter face the task of getting to know the Other. Each gets to know the Other in a particular way through conceptual categories and ways of acting that result from their current way of being in the world.</p> </div> </div> </div> Paweł Chyc Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 2021-12-23 2021-12-23 7 363–382 363–382 10.26881/etno.2021.7.21 Inicjacje terenowe i rozwojowy wymiar doświadczania „pola badawczego”. Opowieści o wojnie, zesłaniu i terenowym modus operandi <div class="page" title="Page 21"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Ethnographic field research involves not only work, but also personal and existential experience. Sometimes it is routine, ordinary, and on schedule, but generally, it is not without difficulties and challenges. I discuss some of these in this article. The analysis is based on my own research experience, the common feature of which is the transgressive nature of experiences related by people and issues generally defined as “difficult”. My research projects involved war victims (exiles, refugees, deportees), i.e. people who often found themselves in life-threatening situations, had experienced loss, trauma and death of their relatives. Our meetings and interviews had cognitive, psychological and devel- opmental dimension, both in a personal and professional sense. I refer to these situations as “initiatory” experiences, as they constitute significant turning points in my perception of reality and my approach to research as a profession. In this paper, I discuss both meth- odological challenges related to research deemed difficult, as well as dilemmas related to ethnographic epistemology and the auto-ethnographic turn. My main concern here is whether and how to write about what is happening on the margins of field research and the personal struggles involved in such research.</p> </div> </div> </div> Katarzyna Kość-Ryżko Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 2021-12-23 2021-12-23 7 383–403 383–403 10.26881/etno.2021.7.22