European Journal of Tranformation Studies 2020-10-22T13:19:40+02:00 Arkadiusz Modrzejewski Open Journal Systems <p>The European Journal of Transformation Studies is a result of cooperation between scholars from Central and Eastern Europe. It focuses on social, cultural, political and economic issues which are important for this part of Europe, however topics presented in the journal concern also other themes, e.g. global crisis or terrorism. Some issues have a mono-thematic character, e.g. aforementioned global crisis, conflict in Ukraine as well as social perception of the nuclear energy. The journal was established in 2013. Publishing activity is based on social work of editors and reviewers. We created an international platform of exchange of opinions and ideas which engaged representatives of various disciplines from social sciences and humanities derived from different countries.</p> Editorial 2020-10-21T09:03:21+02:00 Tetyana Nagornyak 2020-09-30T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) Paweł Adamowicz (1965-2019). The Mayor of Gdansk and His SelfGovernmental Legacy 2020-10-21T09:15:02+02:00 Paweł Trawicki <p>In contemporary world politics, especially Polish politics, there is an increase in aggressiveness in the language of politics. Political adversaries divide society and influence the radicalization of its views. Individuals who are deprived of intellectual reflection and give in to hate speech become a threat to social order. The Mayor of Gdańsk, Paweł Adamowicz, has become a fatal victim of a dangerous phenomenon which is allowing verbal aggression in politics, which turns into aggressive actions.</p> 2020-09-30T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) The Spread of Shadow Norms beyond State Legal System: Challenges of a Globalized Society 2020-10-21T09:24:14+02:00 Tetiana Mikhailina Roman Grynyuk <p>The article analyzes the functioning and distribution of shadow norms in the globalized world. Shadow rules are classified according to their scope and degree of danger. Legal and social mechanisms of counteraction to shadow norms are considered. It is concluded that the mechanisms of combating shadow norms in a globalized society of different degrees of danger differ diametrically. Thus, in order to combat shadow norms that exist before or in parallel with legal norms, it is advisable to use social mechanisms. But, measures of legal responsibility should be strengthened with regard to illegal shadow norms.</p> 2020-09-30T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) Migration Processes in Modern Ukrainian-Polish Discourse 2020-10-21T09:50:32+02:00 Tetyana Nagornyak Iuliia Pachos Pavlo Bezuglyi <p>The purpose of the article is to determine the specifics of Ukrainian-Polish discourse on migration processes, that consists in symbolic interactions as depictions of state policies, at the centre of which is human capital and strategies for its conversion. The preservation and development of its human capital in the context of globalization movements is a question of protection of national interests and the capacity of the economic foundations of society for Ukraine and Poland. Migration processes, as an objective indicator of a globalized world, are political in nature and can be the result of state policy, both as a country of motivation for migration and as a concerted action of states that are interested in getting a new human capital. External and internal factors of migration of Ukrainians through the prism of state decisions, the state of social protection of the population, educational opportunities and business prospects for youth are actualized in the conditions of increasing interest in the renewal of the human capital of Poland.</p> 2020-09-30T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) The Attitudes of Police Officers in Gdansk City towards Immigrants 2020-10-21T11:18:31+02:00 Bernadeta Nowak <p>The migration crisis in Europe has shown the condition of migration policy in individual countries. In recent years local governments have taken over initiative in the issue of immigrant integration which used to be the responsibility of governments. The article analyses the Immigrant Integration Model introduced by the Gdansk authorities, a programme addressed to immigrants living in the city, which is innovative in Polish conditions. The research conducted among officers of the Municipal Police Headquarters is described, in which attitudes and opinions about immigrants residing in Gdansk were checked. Postulates of officers, the implementation of which may improve the safety of immigrants, were analysed.</p> 2020-09-30T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) Ukraine in the Territorial Migration Systems: Current Structural-Qualimetric Aspects of the Formation and Development 2020-10-21T12:26:07+02:00 Uliana Sadowa Tetiana Stepura Ihor Baranyak <p>A characteristic feature of the new economy of the 21st century is the wide-scale transformation of the social relations in the sphere of labor and employment. Human migration that leads to the quantitative and qualitative changes in the numbers, structure, organization of the migrant workers flows holds a special place that is shown by the role of the migration capital in the development of national economy of the states and their separate regions, generates appearance of the new mechanisms of regulation in the market, etc. Migration factors predetermine formation of the relatively new phenomenon in modern economy – territorial migration systems (TMS) that in terms of economy are interpreted as the regional labor markets, determined by the effect of the additional agreements and labor contracts. These systems play a special role in terms of the perspectives of regulation of the sustainable economic development and enhancement of the competitiveness of human capital. Formation, territorial organization, development of TMS depend on the effect of the factors of both, external and internal environment. As the result, each of the systems acquires its own characteristics of its integrity, independence, designation, effectiveness of the performance of its functions. The examples of this can be the Ukrainian-Polish, Ukrainian-German territorial migration systems (TMS) the appearance of whose characteristics can be observed against the background of considerable volumes of the present day Ukrainian external migration, deepening of professionalization and division of labor in the transborder labor market, formation of infrastructure of migration services market, etc. Taking into consideration the high educational level of the Ukrainian workforce, regularities and particularities of the development of economic, social and demographic, political. Cultural ties between Ukraine, Poland and Germany, interests and opportunities of the implementation of achievements of economic knowledge in the practice of international economic relations as the economy of postindustrial (new), information (digital), innovation (network), Internet (virtual) era where knowledge becomes the determinant resource, product and source (factor) of the economic growth – the study of the state, factors of the formation and development UGTMS is exceptionally important not only from the standpoint of resolving structural-qualimetric problems of employment of population in Ukraine, growth of the level of income of citizens, but also from the standpoint of elaboration of the new foreign policy of Poland and Germany for the sake of stabilization of economic and political situation in Europe under the conditions of the changing world.</p> 2020-09-30T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) Innovative Employment in the Structure of the Modern Labor Market 2020-10-22T08:55:37+02:00 Larysa Shaulska Nataliia Yakymova Mariia Krymova <p>The article explores the specificites and common features of development of modern labor markets of Ukraine and Poland and determines that the expansion of the innovative type of employment is a productive solution of typical problems. The theoretical and methodological approach to identification of features, scales and intensity of the expansion of innovative forms of employment, which includes: systematization of criteria of attribution to innovative employment; a comprehensive system of innovative employment indicators; grouping of factors of priority influence on the nature of employment and expansion of employment of the innovative type; analysis of the current situation on the labor market and forecasting of transformational shifts for timely identification of innovative forms of employment with the aim of scaling and sufficient regulation, is substantiated. In modern conditions of development of national economies there is an obvious tendency of gradual decrease of the employment rate of the population in the production and services sectors, instead of the significant increase of the employment level in the knowledge sector.</p> 2020-09-30T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) Representations of the Public Attitudes Towards Ukrainian-Polish Relations in Web Communities 2020-10-22T09:05:13+02:00 Nataliia Vovk Andriy Peleshchyshyn Oleksandr Markovets <p>This research demonstrates public opinion on particular aspects of Ukrainian-Polish relations in two aspects: historical and cultural. A commentary system on two Polish and Ukrainian Wikipedia articles is analyzed. The research methodology is based on synthesis, analysis, comparison, which allows to investigate the features, problems and possibilities of the web communities in the context of public opinion formation. It is concluded that web communities are a significant tool for both manipulating the public in shaping and developing international communications, and for forming the united public opinion on international relations at the state and public levels.</p> 2020-09-30T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) Social Networks as a Factor in the Development of Civil Society in Ukraine 2020-10-22T09:21:29+02:00 Andrii Kutsyk Viktoria Golovei <p>The article examines the role and importance of social networks in the process of the formation of civil society in Ukraine. There is a parallel with the events of the “Arab Spring”, in which social media has been an important factor in political processes. It shows how social networks, including Facebook, were actively used to organize people during the Ukrainian “Revolution of Dignity”. Positive and negative factors of influence of social networks on the political life after the revolutionary events are analyzed, the role of facebook and instagram in the 2019 presidential election campaign and in the subsequent domestic political life are highlighted. In addition to various socio-cultural and communication functions, social networks have become a catalyst for political change, a platform for active civic engagement. There is a significant level of influence of social networks on the course of political processes, which was manifested in the active promotion of new practices of public participation, consolidation and self-organization of Ukrainian civil society. It is substantiated that in the context of democratic media policy, the role of social networks as an important factor in the development of civil society will increase.</p> 2020-09-30T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) Stanislaw Orzechowski Roxolan and Ukrainian-Polish Contribution to the Development of Political Theory of Late Medieval Europe 2020-10-22T11:10:44+02:00 Oleksandr Saltovskyi Nataliia Saltovska <p>The article analyzes the theoretical and political legacy of the great Ukrainian-Polish thinker of the late Middle Ages, Stanislaw Orzechowski Roxolan, as a prominent representative of «Catholic Rus'». The historical conditions of his outlook and political views are revealed, as well as personal connections with outstanding thinkers of Europe of that time.The thinker’s interpretation of the issue of the need to take into account the value grounds for conducting international politics and foreign policy priorities, the problems of civilizational interaction of Christian Europe with the Muslim East are distinguished. The basics of the ideas of optimal social stratification of the Rzeczpospolita («res publica») society, which will ensure the stability of the state, are presented.The approach of the scholar to the issue of the principles of the organization of a successful state, the optimal organization of state power, fair justice, the relation between the power of the church and the king is covered.</p> 2020-09-30T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) Promotion of University of Warsaw in the Context of Public Diplomacy: An Experience for Ukraine 2020-10-22T11:31:48+02:00 Olga Bogorodetska <p>Public diplomacy of the Republic of Poland since the beginning of XXI century became an important tool of state’s foreign policy realization. This article is aimed on the analyses of multifaceted Polish public diplomacy which includes among other priority field of higher education promotion. One of the leading Poland’s universities, University of Warsaw, had formed not only a brand of high level of educational services but became a world-wide famous center for science development, using most advanced technologies and instruments in the educational process. There were analyzed the promotional policy of University of Warsaw and main peculiarities of university brand creation. Main projects and initiatives of University of Warsaw in the field of promotion were presented in the current research. Main outcomes are presented in the form of recommendations to Ukrainian higher education institutions as they are only in the initial phase of promotional activities.</p> 2020-09-30T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) Between Two Ages: Zbigniew Brzezinski and the ‚Real‘ Revolution 2020-10-22T11:56:06+02:00 Patrick Vaughan <p>The Soviet Union entered Poland in 1945 promising to create a revolutionary society that would soon transform the world. The Polish-American academic Zbigniew Brzezinski argued that by the 1960s it was the United States that represented the world’s only “real” revolution-having become the first society to enter the age of computer automation. In 1970 Brzezinski published his book <em>Between Two Ages</em> suggesting that the United States was pulling ahead of the Soviet Union in terms of high technology. At the same time the revolutionary dreams of industrial communism were coming to an end in Poland in a series of worker revolts along the Baltic Coast.</p> 2020-09-30T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) Zbigniew Brzezinski – Some Observations on Justin Vaisse’s Biography 2020-10-22T13:19:40+02:00 Donald Pienkos <p>In this paper the author takes up some significant aspects of the career of Zbigniew Brzezinski. Using Justin Vaisse’s recent biography as his point of departure, Pienkos evaluates Brzezinski’s place in American and Polish political history. He then discusses his contributions as an academic specialist on Cold War Soviet and East European affairs, as an influential figure in American foreign policy, and as a publicspirited activist on international political issues. He goes on to look at his relationship with the Polish ethnic community in America and his concern for Poland.</p> 2020-09-30T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c)