European Journal of Tranformation Studies <p>The European Journal of Transformation Studies is a result of cooperation between scholars from Central and Eastern Europe. It focuses on social, cultural, political and economic issues which are important for this part of Europe, however topics presented in the journal concern also other themes, e.g. global crisis or terrorism. Some issues have a mono-thematic character, e.g. aforementioned global crisis, conflict in Ukraine as well as social perception of the nuclear energy. The journal was established in 2013. Publishing activity is based on social work of editors and reviewers. We created an international platform of exchange of opinions and ideas which engaged representatives of various disciplines from social sciences and humanities derived from different countries.</p> ‘Europe Our House’, Research Institute for European Policy, University of Gdansk, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Trnava en-US European Journal of Tranformation Studies 2298-0997 The Future of Academic Authority in Slovakia, or “Ceterum Autem Censeo...” <p>Our contribution is focused on approaching the current situation in the field of academic autonomy in the conditions of the Slovak Republic. The paper contains a legal analysis and considerations on the self-government of higher education institutions against the background of an amendment to the Higher Education Act.</p> Marek Števček Jana Šmelková Jana Abraham Copyright (c) 2022 2021-06-16 2021-06-16 9 2 6 15 Separating the Capital Region in Poland – The Rationality of the Political Conception <p>Thematically, the thesis is in the field of research on politics and administration and electoral geography. The subject of the research is the division of the Mazowieckie Voivodeship, which is the largest in terms of territory and population, into two smaller administrative units, planned and announced by the Polish government. The purpose of the analysis is to assess the rationality of the planned decisions regarding the creation of a new voivodeship (region) in Poland. Multidimensional analysis was used in the study of political and local government conditions and in the characteristics of the financial and local government policy of the European Union. The results of the conducted research indicate that the division of Mazovia is a classic example of gerrymandering.</p> Paweł J. Borkowski Agnieszka Bógdał-Brzezińska Jan A. Wendt Copyright (c) 2022 2021-06-16 2021-06-16 9 2 16 29 Polish Americans, Political Partisanship and Presidential Elections Voting: 1972-2020 <p>Although there are 10 million Polish Americans in the United States, this group has been understudied recently, with most work relying on unrepresentative samples. We fill in knowledge gaps on party affiliation and presidential voting with data from 1972-2018 waves of the General Social Survey. Until the last decade, Polish Americans were consistently Democratic in party identification and presidential voting. Recently, however, this group’s voting has become more moderate, bringing it into greater alignment with the overall American electorate. Our findings support current political thought about US Poles overall, while challenging secondary assumptions in ways that suggest further longitudinal study.</p> Anne M. Gurnack James M. Cook Copyright (c) 2022 2022-08-04 2022-08-04 9 2 30 39 A Political Discourse on Nation and Nation-Buildng in a Post-Communist State: The Case of Georgia Under Zviad Gamsakhurdia <p>The article considers Zviad Gamsakhurdia’s discourse on nationality and nation-building in post-soviet Georgia during the period October 1990 to 6th January 1992. Methodologically, the article is based on the methods of discourse analysis and trace observation. The concepts of Rogers Brubaker’s “nationalising state” and Sammy Smooha’s ‘ethnic democracy” are used as the theoretical framework. The article concludes that a hybrid model of a nation was used by Zviad Gamsakhurdia instead of a pure ethnicity model widespread in relevant literature.</p> Zviad Abashidze Copyright (c) 2022 2022-08-04 2022-08-04 9 2 40 51 Social Networks in Electoral Campaigns: A Comparative Analysis of the Cases of Donald Trump (USA) and Volodymyr Zelensky (Ukraine) <p>This research has analysed the application of social networks in electoral campaigns in the USA and in Ukraine. It also has compared the features of the winning campaigns using social networking during the presidential elections of Donald Trump in 2016 in the United States, and Volodymyr Zelensky in 2019 in Ukraine. It is asserted that despite the differences in time between the campaigns, in the countries, in the electorate and in the circumstances under which the campaigns are held, the wide use of Internet communications has become a common basic feature of Trump’s and Zelensky’s campaigns. It has been moreover proved that the victory of a candidate depends upon a number of aspects. Among them are: the candidate’s image, his or her personal qualities, the relevance of their election programme to the demands and expectations of the citizens, the peculiar political or socio-economic situation in the country etc. However, social networks are still considered to be an efficient tool for political racing, interacting with the electorate and amplifying the database of an electoral campaign.</p> Lesia Dorosh Jarosław Nocoń Yuliya Zakaulova Copyright (c) 2022 2022-08-04 2022-08-04 9 2 52 71 Politainment: Reflecting on Political Affairs Via Audiovisual Media Entertainment <p>The study discusses the ways in which current political issues and different aspects of political communication are portrayed in audiovisual media products, specifically in motion pictures and episodic television dramas. As noted by the authors, these types of narratives are often available globally, especially in films and TV shows that are produced in the U.S. and the United Kingdom. However, the principles of politainment, i.e., a politics-entertainment hybrid that turns serious political discourses into entertaining media stimuli, can be identified in post-Communist countries as well; Slovakia being no exception. Therefore, the article also reflects on how Slovak film producers utilise elements of the modern political history of the country to create highly successful film stories. To elaborate the topic, the authors apply standard procedures of logical reasoning – analysis, synthesis, giving examples, comparison and wider generalisation. Certain elements of narrative and discourse analysis are used as well.</p> Jana Radošinská Ján Višňovský Simona Mičová Erika Obertová Copyright (c) 2022 2022-08-04 2022-08-04 9 2 72 90 Religion as Russia’s Soft Power Tool in the Donbas Separatism Process <p>The article is devoted to such a pressing problem as separatism, mainly in Ukraine (Donbas region). Some experts say that separatism is a problem of the past, but the author emphasises that the XXIst century will be the century of an identification factor increase that will influence nationalistic issues. It is emphasised that separatism could be catalysed not only by domestic factors but also by exogenous ones, especially nowadays, when the structure of the world is being changed by influential actors in foreign affairs. The article contains an analysis of the reasons for military conflict that broke out in 2014 in the Donbas region and still goes on. The author analyses the exogenous influence of the Russian Federation on the political situation in Ukraine. The analysis covers Russian influence on politics, economy, culture and religion in Ukraine. Besides, for the first time in the Political Science field, the author presents a separatism revealing formula that can help central governments foresee and prevent possible separatism conflicts in future.</p> Yevgeny Ryabinin Copyright (c) 2022 2022-08-04 2022-08-04 9 2 91 108 The Art of Flesh – Exploring Posthuman Aesthetics in "Doom Eternal" <p>This article examines the aesthetics of the inside of the human body as represented in the video game, Doom Eternal (2020), in the context of other prominent works of art that have the power to establish beauty standards. Through ages artists and spectators of their work have defined certain aesthetics. People agreed upon distinct beauty standards. Settled assumptions usually pointed to renaissance sculptures as a perfect example. Human fascination with beauty revolved around what is outside, visible and pleasant for the eye, neglecting a whole microworld – the inside of the body. It is understandable to perceive the insides as vile, as we are not used to looking directly at them. Nevertheless, the human is a gruesome flesh covered by what is superficial, the skin. Today technology adds another layer to conceal our bodies and, thus appears the need to explore it in detail. The mainstream game from 2020, Doom Eternal, uses the flesh as an artist’s material combined with the New Aesthetics. This text, using the intermedial approach, discusses how the unique experience of posthuman aesthetics appeals to a larger audience, and how it reinvents aesthetic standards.</p> Mikołaj Marks Copyright (c) 2022 2022-08-04 2022-08-04 9 2 109 123 Covid-19 Pandemic as an Extreme Event: Effects, Reactions, Consequences <p>Based on an interdisciplinary approach, the article comprehends the manifestations, deployments, and current consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic through the prism of society’s reactions and responses to the effects caused by the pandemic. The spread of the pandemic led to the formation of a new reality that manifests itself on the personal-existential and social levels of human existence. The pandemic causes constitutive signs of the extraordinary state of society, which is illustrated by the economic crisis, reduced efficiency of social institutions, changes in value and regulatory structures, restrictions on the citizens’ rights and freedoms. The coronavirus crisis is accompanied by a significant number of deaths and injuries, psychological and somatic risks, disproportionate security resources distribution, social inequality exacerbation, financial and reputational losses. At the same time, the pandemic is a generator of the development of means to combat coronavirus infection, which is manifested in the invention of vaccines and drugs.</p> Yurii Boreiko Tetiana Fedotova Copyright (c) 2022 2022-08-04 2022-08-04 9 2 125 142 Towards a Comprehensive EU Health Policy? The Europeanisation of the Fight Against Covid-19 and Reflections on the First Year of the Pandemic <p>In winter 2020 it was roughly one year since the first cases of Covid-19 disease were reported in China and soon the virus spread all over the world. The main aim of this article is to analyse the response of the EU which was hit by the virus in early 2020 and quickly responded to the pandemic. This response may be best analysed in the context of the Europeanisation concept which offers a suitable analytical framework allowing a systematic analysis of the impact on EU policy, politics and polity. The application of the concept will explore EU activities and contribute to both: a better understanding of the response of the EU and verification of the usability of the concept. How might the response of the EU be interpreted in the context of Europeanisation? And what were the key differences in the Europeanisation between the first and second wave?</p> Ondřej Filipec Copyright (c) 2022 2022-08-04 2022-08-04 9 2 143 168 Generation Covid-19: Another Brick in the Wall <p>The outbreak of a global pandemic related to Sars-Cov-2 also known as Coronavirus or COVID-19 since late 2019 and early 2020 has caused significant turnover in the everyday health, political, economic and social situation and behaviour of individuals as well as society. Despite the adoption of immediate measures from states and 21st Century medicine the pandemic shows the vulnerability of individuals and particular groups of society. That said, the consequences will be broad; not only those who suffer from direct disease consequences but we anticipate the associated difficulties following the post-pandemic development and impacts. In this paper we focus specifically on the political and social consequences of a pandemic towards youth policy, youth unemployment and education limits in promoting youth well-being.</p> Jaroslav Mihálik Copyright (c) 2022 2022-08-04 2022-08-04 9 2 169 186 The Role of Diplomacy in the Times of the Coronavirus Crisis <p>The author’s objective is to highlight the role of diplomacy during the COVID-19 pandemic. We discuss selected dimensions of diplomacy (health, economic…) and analyse how they have been adapted to new challenges resulting from the disease outbreak. The paper is concluded by a series of recommendations aimed at increasing the efficacy of diplomatic efforts. Despite its horrific impacts, the pandemic can be regarded as an opportunity to revitalise certain areas such as national economies, to make them more innovative and environmentally friendly. For diplomacy in the future, we expect the prevalence of digital use and a focus on health, science, and environmental diplomacy.</p> Michaela Čiefová Copyright (c) 2022 2022-08-04 2022-08-04 9 2 187 200