Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies https://czasopisma.bg.ug.edu.pl/index.php/oandhs <p style="text-align: justify;">The objective of Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies, an international journal published by the University of Gdańsk in cooperation with the Academic Publishing Company Walter DeGruyter, is to provide the most comprehensive and reliable source of information on the current knowledge in the fields of science related to both oceanology and hydrobiology. The main emphasis is on publishing high quality articles, easily available to scientists from all over the world. As an editorial team, we are convinced that Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies will continue to grow as a journal meant for scientists and researchers who wish to keep abreast of the latest developments in these fields of science.</p> en-US ohs@ug.edu.pl (Anna Dziubińska) czasopismaug@ug.edu.pl (Agnieszka Kranich-Lamczyk) Thu, 02 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0200 OJS http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Establishment and range expansion of non-native fish species facilitated by hot springs: the case study from the Upper Sakarya Basin (NW, Turkey) https://czasopisma.bg.ug.edu.pl/index.php/oandhs/article/view/6303 <p>Non-native species can enter new habitats and ecosystems in a variety of ways. Suitable ecological conditions must exist for non-native species to reproduce in newly colonized habitats. Hot springs are suitable habitats for tropical, aquarium, and ornamental fish species. This paper presents the results of research on the distribution of non-native and native species in relation to environmental factors in the Upper Sakarya Basin, where several such springs are present. The fish fauna in the basin includes native (60% – 21 species, 14 of which are endemic) and non-native (40% – 14 species) fish species. Most of the non-native species (seven species) were found only in warm springs (minimum water temperature 16°C). In addition, 75 fish species belonging to 26 families were found throughout the Sakarya Basin. Hot springs were found to play an important role in the establishment of non-native species. The Kernel Density Estimation (KDE) results revealed that the non-native species density was high in the Upper Sakarya Basin where hot springs are common. This confirms that minimum and maximum temperatures are the main drivers of changes in the distribution of non-native fish species. Two aquarium fishes, <em>Bujurguina vittata</em> and <em>Xiphophorus spp</em>., are reported for the first time in the present study for inland waters of Turkey.</p> Sadi Aksu, Sercan Başkurt, Özgür Emiroğlu, Ali Serhan Tarkan Copyright (c) https://czasopisma.bg.ug.edu.pl/index.php/oandhs/article/view/6303 Thu, 02 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0200 A review of occurrence, distribution and alien status of Notodiaphana atlantica Ortea, Moro and Espinosa, 2013 and Liloa mongii (Audouin, 1826) (Mollusca: Heterobranchia) in the Mediterranean Sea https://czasopisma.bg.ug.edu.pl/index.php/oandhs/article/view/6309 <p><em>Notodiaphana atlantica</em> and <em>Liloa mongii</em> are two cephalaspidean species described respectively from the Atlantic Ocean and the Red Sea, and considered widespread in their native ranges. Both species have also been recently recorded from the Mediterranean Sea, prompting some authors to consider them alien. Notwithstanding clear morphological differences in their shells, the two species have often been confused or misidentified in the literature, or specimens have been described with incorrect locality data. We hereby review the occurrence, distribution and status of both species in the Mediterranean Sea based on published data and examination of new material. <em>Notodiaphana atlantica</em> is considered a cryptogenic species with a range spanning from the western to eastern part of the basin. The presence of <em>L. mongii</em> in the Mediterranean is questioned until specimens that can be reliably assigned to this taxon or to any congeneric species are found in the area. Alien species inventories play an important role in regional policy and management decisions, thus requiring a high degree of confidence in the validity of species identification and their non-indigenous status. The present paper adds further evidence of the excess of “bibliographically introduced” alien records and reiterates the need for periodic re-evaluation of published data.</p> Luigi Romani, Lionello P. Tringali, Fabio Crocetta Copyright (c) https://czasopisma.bg.ug.edu.pl/index.php/oandhs/article/view/6309 Thu, 02 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Growth parameters of Poecilia latipinna (Lesueur, 1821) (Actinopterygii, Poeciilidae) – an introduced species in brackish water of Wadi AlBahayes (Oman) https://czasopisma.bg.ug.edu.pl/index.php/oandhs/article/view/6300 <p>This work is one of the first studies on the growth of <em>Poecilia latipinna</em> outside its natural habitat. The objective of our study was to investigate the growth parameters of the population of <em>P. latipinna</em>, which is an alien species in Oman (Wadi Al-Bahayes). The population structure of <em>P. latipinna</em> in Wadi Al-Bahayes (Oman; 23°40’47”N; 58°11’36”E) was studied in June and August 2020, using 124 fish. In the course of this study, the number of individuals of each sex, age, weight and size composition were determined. In addition, the total length–weight relationship (LRW) was calculated, as well as the von Bertalanffy growth equation. The mean growth performance (phi prime) and the condition factor were calculated. Males accounted for 37.10% and females for 62.90% of the population. The length–weight relationship and the von Bertalanffy growth equation were W = 0.0214 × L&nbsp; 2.7889 R2 = 0.9212, Lt = 11.46 (1 − e −0.127&nbsp;(t&nbsp;+&nbsp;2.71)) for males and Lt = 14.51 (1 − e−0.072&nbsp;(t&nbsp;+&nbsp;3.98)) for females. The mean growth performance and the condition factor were calculated as 1.22 for males and 1.18 for females and 1.54 for all specimens.</p> <p>The study shows that the population of the species is characterized by a wide age range. Consequently, monitoring of this alien species is highly recommended.</p> Salim Serkan Güçlü, Saud M. Al Jufaili, Laith A. Jawad Copyright (c) https://czasopisma.bg.ug.edu.pl/index.php/oandhs/article/view/6300 Thu, 02 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Historical review of Dutch Pectinariidae with Pectinaria belgica as a new taxon for the Netherlands (Annelida: Polychaeta: Pectinariidae) https://czasopisma.bg.ug.edu.pl/index.php/oandhs/article/view/6299 <p>Two trumpet worms (Pectinariidae), which do not resemble the two known species: <em>Lagis koreni</em> Malmgren, 1866 and <em>Amphictene auricoma</em> (Müller, 1776), have recently been collected in the Dutch North Sea (Oyster Grounds). Their characteristics match those of <em>Pectinaria belgica</em> (Pallas, 1766), a species with a northern distribution. This paper summarizes the current state of knowledge of Dutch Pectinariidae and describes in detail the historical records of trumpet worms recorded in the Netherlands, along with the confusion around the species epithet <em>belgica</em>. <em>Pectinaria belgica</em> is reported here for the first time from the Dutch North Sea.</p> Ton van Haaren Copyright (c) 2021 https://czasopisma.bg.ug.edu.pl/index.php/oandhs/article/view/6299 Thu, 02 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Effects of seasonal changes and environmental factors on bioindicator bacteria levels in Çardak Lagoon, Çanakkale Strait, Turkey https://czasopisma.bg.ug.edu.pl/index.php/oandhs/article/view/6304 <p>Çardak Lagoon is one of the most important marine environments in the Turkish Strait system, which is home to a variety of organisms. The lagoon is currently under stress and faces the risk of heavy pollution. For this reason, the present state of the lagoon was monitored in this study. During sampling from October 2018 to June 2019, the levels of indicator microorganisms fluctuated up to 4.04 Log10 cfu 100 ml−1 and their presence was found to be higher in warmer seasons. The highest positive correlations were observed for total coliform levels with salinity and chemical oxygen demand, whereas the highest negative correlations were found between the levels of fecal coliforms, pH and temperature. <em>E. coli</em> and fecal streptococci showed moderate correlations with the environmental factors in all seasons. Although nitrite and nitrate (NO2 + NO3 ) were not significantly correlated with bacteria levels, they were present at elevated levels. Çardak Lagoon showed the lowest microbiological and chemical quality in the summer season, and this situation continued into the autumn season as a possible result of increased wastewater discharge and human activities. The lagoon should therefore be monitored regularly and precautions should be taken to prevent severe ecological deterioration.</p> İbrahim Ender Künili, A. Suat Ateş Copyright (c) https://czasopisma.bg.ug.edu.pl/index.php/oandhs/article/view/6304 Thu, 02 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0200 First record of straight-needle pteropod Creseis acicula Rang, 1828 bloom in the Çanakkale Strait (NE Aegean Sea, Turkey) https://czasopisma.bg.ug.edu.pl/index.php/oandhs/article/view/6302 <p>Pteropods are marine pelagic calcifier mollusks sensitive to chemical changes in seawater due to their highly soluble aragonite shells. Increased acidity (reduced pH) of seawater causes difficulties in precipitating their shells and/or results in their dissolution, which is related to increased atmospheric CO2 concentrations and warming of seawater. They are therefore indicators of environmental changes. In this paper, we present the first record of the straightneedle pteropod <em>Creseis acicula</em> Rang, 1828 bloom in the surface waters of the Ҫanakkale Strait, Turkey (NE Aegean Sea), encountered in July 2020, when the highest sea surface temperatures and pH levels since 2007 were recorded. In coastal zones, such as the Ҫanakkale Strait, anthropogenic activity contributes significantly to environmental changes. Consequently, the increase in pH at elevated temperatures indicates an auxiliary factor (i.e. anthropogenic activity) that triggered the C. acicula bloom, rather than global atmospheric CO2 levels.</p> Sezginer Tunçer, Nazik Öğretmen, Fikret Çakır, Alkan Öztekin, Ayhan Oral, Salih Can Suner Copyright (c) https://czasopisma.bg.ug.edu.pl/index.php/oandhs/article/view/6302 Thu, 02 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Demographics of great sturgeon (Huso huso) in Iranian waters of the Caspian Sea (2008–2010) https://czasopisma.bg.ug.edu.pl/index.php/oandhs/article/view/6308 <p>Demographic data of the great sturgeon, <em>Huso huso</em>, from the Iranian coastal waters of the Caspian Sea were derived from measurements of individuals with a fork length ranging from 84 to 255 cm, obtained from commercial fisheries. The maximum age of fish caught in the south Caspian Sea was 30 years. The estimates of the asymptotic length L∞ and the growth coefficient (K) were 265.255 cm and 0.062 per year for males and 275.78 cm and 0.08 per year for females, respectively. Total mortality rates obtained by Gulland’s method were larger for males (0.64) than for females (0.46). Annual mortality rates were calculated as 47% for males and 37% for females. Data obtained in this study and their comparison with data from previous studies indicate that the great sturgeon stock is definitely exploited in an unsustainable manner.</p> Shima Bakhshalizadeh, Ali Bani, Shahram Abdolmalaki, Jesus T. Ponce Palafox Copyright (c) https://czasopisma.bg.ug.edu.pl/index.php/oandhs/article/view/6308 Thu, 02 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Philichthys xiphiae (Copepoda; Philichthyidae) – an interesting cranium parasite of the swordfish Xiphias gladius collected from the Baltic Sea https://czasopisma.bg.ug.edu.pl/index.php/oandhs/article/view/6310 <p>The swordfish, <em>Xiphias gladius</em> Linnaeus, 1758, is a fish that sporadically enters the Baltic Sea. The present paper describes the identification of a very rarely recorded and poorly studied copepod of the family Philichthyidae – <em>Philichthys xiphiae</em> Steenstrup, 1862 – in a dead swordfish found on a sea beach in Dźwirzyno (Poland) in 2016. Philichthyidae are parasites inhabiting the sensory canals in the lateral line and skull bones of marine fish. In the present case, two <em>P. xiphiae</em> females were found, which constitutes the first record of the species in the Baltic area.</p> Leszek Rolbiecki, Bartłomiej Arciszewski, Joanna N. Izdebska Copyright (c) https://czasopisma.bg.ug.edu.pl/index.php/oandhs/article/view/6310 Thu, 02 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Effects of feed on fatty acid composition in muscles and gonads of the Chinese mitten crab (Eriocheir sinensis) https://czasopisma.bg.ug.edu.pl/index.php/oandhs/article/view/6307 <p>In this study, the effects of different feeds on fatty acid composition in the Chinese mitten crab (<em>Eriocheir sinensis</em>) were investigated. The fatty acid composition in the Chinese mitten crab was significantly correlated with the type of feed source provided. Differences between the feed groups pertained mainly five fatty acids: oleic acid, linoleic acid, palmitic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). The content of EPA and DHA was higher in the group of frozen trash fish than in the group of formulated feed. On the other hand, the content of oleic acid, linoleic acid and palmitic acid was higher in the formulated feed group than in the frozen trash fish group. There were significant differences in the nutritional value of the Chinese mitten crab reared under different feed sources, i.e. Chinese mitten crabs reared with the frozen trash fish feed were larger than those reared with the formulated feed, especially as regards the ω-3/ω-6 PUFA ratio and essential fatty acid levels.</p> Jianmin Zou, Chao Chao, Shunlong Meng, Gengdong Hu, Liping Qiu, Limin Fan, Jiazhang Chen Copyright (c) https://czasopisma.bg.ug.edu.pl/index.php/oandhs/article/view/6307 Thu, 02 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0200 First record of the rare crab Asthenognathus atlanticus Monod, 1933 (Crustacea: Brachyura: Varunidae) in the North Sea https://czasopisma.bg.ug.edu.pl/index.php/oandhs/article/view/6301 <p>Several species new to the area were collected while monitoring Dutch marine waters using a dredge. The varunid crab <em>Asthenognathus atlanticus</em> Monod, 1933 was recorded for the first time in the North Sea. Until 2008, this relatively rare crab was known from the west coast of Africa and the western Mediterranean to northern Brittany in the north. In recent years, its distribution range has expanded, as indicated by records from the Bay of the Seine and the area around Dieppe-Le Tréport. Our finding from Brown Bank (southern North Sea) indicates a further, northward expansion of its distribution range. We list the hosts with which the crab is associated. Earlier arguments for climate change as an explanation for the northward range expansion are supported.</p> Marco Faasse, Hendrik Gheerardyn, Rob Witbaard, Joël Cuperus Copyright (c) https://czasopisma.bg.ug.edu.pl/index.php/oandhs/article/view/6301 Thu, 02 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0200