Współczesna Gospodarka 2020-01-09T12:53:17+01:00 Dr. Jacek Grodzicki Open Journal Systems <p>Współczesna Gospodarka (ISSN 2082-677X) jest elektronicznym czasopismem naukowym wydawanym przez Uniwersytet Gdański, Instytut Transportu i Handlu Morskiego w Sopocie. Pismo jest adresowane do środowiska naukowego oraz praktyków gospodarczych.</p> Future of the fake news society 2020-01-09T12:49:52+01:00 Zuzanna Borda Jacek Winiarski <p class="Paragraphsummary"><span lang="X-NONE">The fact that fake news is the most influential aspect of the modern world and that it can dictate opinions that have a big impact on the economy is what makes this topic very important in the current and future world situation. The methods used in the article include induction and deduction, as well as comparison of statistics and data. The article confirms the fact that fake news is inevitable but the education of the society and equipping it with the tools to help recognise what is false and what is true is the way of making media more truthful and sharing less propaganda content.</span></p> <p><strong>JEL classification</strong>: I290, K100, Z130</p> 2019-12-31T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Digital leadership for digital transformation 2020-01-09T12:53:17+01:00 Gracja Borowska brak@brak.brak <p>The Digital Era, an era in which digital revolution strongly influenced the societies and economies, and reinvented marketplaces. According to Collin (2015), digital transformation has been disruptively and fundamentally changing the existing businesses. It has been considered as a major challenge for today’s business leaders. Emerging researches show that this technological phenomenon requires persistent Digital Leadership at top levels of companies. This article discusses the digital leadership concept, summarizes best practices in terms of a set of competences derived from a broad scholar literature and practical business cases. It analyzes leadership in the context of digital transformation.</p> <p><strong>JEL classification:</strong> M,O</p> 2019-12-31T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2019 The form of the European Union’s contemporary and future defense policy 2020-01-09T12:52:16+01:00 Andrzej Stępniak <p>Defence and Security Policy in Europe evolved, and thus it is a result of numerous actions and searches. Conflicts in Europe (in the Balkans) have forced the EU countries to change their thinking. The crisis after 2008 had a significant impact on the "inhibition" of defence policy activities.</p> <p>A new global situation and threats (from Russia) exert some significant influence on the aspirations to conduct a common EU defence policy. For several years now, Poland has been pursuing a policy in this area that is not fully accepted by EU countries.</p> <p>This paper is intended to show the need for a more harmonized EU defence policy, until its unification. Available research methods have been adopted, namely, historical, statistical, comparative and descriptive. The paper is interdisciplinary due to the multithreaded nature of the problem.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>JEL classification:</strong> G, D</p> 2019-12-31T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2019