Temperaments and characters: incompatible or complementary components for criterion B of the alternative model in predicting DSM-5 section II personality disorders?


  • Azad Hemmati University of Kurdistan
  • Emily Vanderbleek University of Notre Dame
  • Atefeh Mirani University of Kurdistan
  • Lee A. Clark University of Notre Dame
  • Farzin Rezaei Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences

Słowa kluczowe:

temperament and character inventory, alternative model for personality disorders, PID-5



Many studies have found clear correspondence among the domains of the five-factor model of personality (FFM) and the alternative model of personality disorders (AMPD) in DSM-5-III, which is assessed with the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5). However, very few studies have compared the PID-5 with the other well-known established dimensional models of personality such as Cloninger’s model. The present study examined whether the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI-125) dimensions, PID-5 dimensions, or a  combination would represent PD-scale scores more accurately.

Participants and procedure

In this regard, 437 college students completed the Persian version of the PID-5, TCI-125 and SCID-II Screening Questionnaire.


The results indicated that cooperativeness (low), self-directedness (low), and self-transcendence (high) characters of the TCI-125 and the psychoticism (high) domain of the PID-5 are the most consistent predictors of all PD-scale scores.


Overall, the findings showed that an integrative model, combining dimensions of the TCI-125 and PID-5, represented the features of PD-scale scores most effectively.


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Jak cytować

Hemmati, A., Vanderbleek, E., Mirani, A., Clark, L. A., & Rezaei, F. (2021). Temperaments and characters: incompatible or complementary components for criterion B of the alternative model in predicting DSM-5 section II personality disorders?. Current Issues in Personality Psychology, 9(1), 1–13. Pobrano z https://czasopisma.bg.ug.edu.pl/index.php/CIiPP/article/view/5760