Restoring and preserving capacity of self-affirmation for well-being in Indian adults with non-clinical depressive tendencies


  • Ruchi Pandey Dr. Harisingh Gour University
  • Gyanesh Kumar Tiwari Dr. Harisingh Gour University
  • Pramod Kumar Rai Dr. Harisingh Gour University

Słowa kluczowe:

non-clinical depressive tendencies, Indian adults, self-affirmation intervention, sequential research design, well-being



Although self-affirmation has been reported to enhance well-being and other positive life outcomes in normal adults, little is known about its capacity to restore and preserve well-being in adults with depressive tendencies. The current study attempts to expound the restoring and preserving capacity of self-affirmation for well-being in Indian adults with non-clinical depressive tendencies.

Participants and procedure

The study used a sequential research design. Eighty participants (22-27 years) with depressive tendencies were chosen through purposive sampling and were randomly assigned equally to the experimental and control conditions. Their depressive tendencies and well-being were measured through standard scales at three intervals: preintervention, post-intervention and follow-up.


The results revealed significant restoring and preserving capacity of self-affirmation for the well-being of the experimental group participants as compared to the control group. The main effects of conditions (experimental, control) and treatment intervals (pre, post, follow-up) were significant along with the interaction effects of conditions × treatment intervals. The significant differences in the mean well-being scores for pre-intervention, post-intervention and follow-up points of time showed the restoring and preserving capacity of self-affirmation intervention.


The findings showed that self-affirmation helps to restore well-being as well as preserve it after a  significant gap, which is evident in higher well-being mean scores of the experimental group taken at post-intervention and followup intervals. The positive effects of self-affirmation on well-being may have remained active even after the cessation of the intervention due to the underlying mechanisms of enhanced self-worth, positive values, inner strengths, positive attributions and interpersonal relationships.


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Jak cytować

Pandey, R., Tiwari, G. K., & Rai, P. K. (2021). Restoring and preserving capacity of self-affirmation for well-being in Indian adults with non-clinical depressive tendencies. Current Issues in Personality Psychology, 9(2), 135–147. Pobrano z