Big Five and Dark Triad personality traits as predictors of multicultural attitude and efficacy


  • Ahmet Rıfat Kayiş Kastamonu University
  • Mustafa Öztürk Akcaoğlu Kastamonu University

Słowa kluczowe:

Big Five personality traits, dark triad, multiculturalism, multicultural education, teacher candidates



The advances in communication and transportation facilities have accelerated the formation of multicultural societies worldwide. Personality traits may be one of the most important indicators of adapting to multicultural environments. Educational environments are multicultural in terms of the composition of students they serve. The present study investigated the predictive role of Big Five and Dark Triad personality traits on multicultural attitude and efficacy (MAE) among teacher candidates.

Participants and procedure

The study population comprised of teacher candidates (N = 404) studying in Turkey. In order to collect data, Big Five personality and the Dark Triad, the Adjective Based Personality Scale and the Dark Triad Dirty Dozen Scale were used respectively. In addition, data regarding MAE were collected through the Multicultural Efficacy Scale.


The results showed that openness to new experience positively (β  =  .16, p <.01) predicted multicultural attitude. On the other hand, multicultural efficacy was positively predicted only by openness to new experience (β = .32, p < .001). Therefore, openness and psychopathic traits can play an important role in explaining multicultural attitude and efficacy. Also, there is no significant difference with regard to teacher candidates’ multicultural efficacy and attitudes according to their grade level.


Individuals with openness to new experiences personality trait have a positive attitude towards multiculturalism, and they view themselves as competent to get involved in multicultural environments. On the other hand, individuals with the psychopathy personality trait have negative attitudes towards multiculturalism.


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Kayiş, A. R., & Akcaoğlu, M. Öztürk. (2021). Big Five and Dark Triad personality traits as predictors of multicultural attitude and efficacy. Current Issues in Personality Psychology, 9(3), 215–228. Pobrano z