Mental toughness in sport questionnaire – MTSQ


  • Jacek Przybylski Uniwersytet Gdański

Słowa kluczowe:

stress, sport psychology, mental toughness



Stress resistance is very substantial and interesting for scientists, competitors, coaches, and psychologists. The main aim of the article was the psychometric examination of mental toughness in the sport questionnaire (MTSQ).

Participants and procedure

The group of participants consisted of athletes presenting different levels of experience: Olympians, first-league, national team: N = 421 athletes, including 190 women and 231 men, age M = 20.40, SD = 5.30. Test procedure: 124 statements were selected for exploratory factor analysis with the method of main components with rotation of intercorrelational orthogonal factors. It was used in order to check the factor structure of the tool and for the clear interpretation of isolated factors. As a result of the validation, 42 statements were finally selected measuring three dimensions of mental toughness. Each subscale consisted of 14 items. Next the reliability and the validity of the questionnaire were analysed.


The three-factor structure of the measured model of stress resistance accurately reflects the relation among stress resistances factors. Individual scales, at least mutually correlated, present accurate and reliable operationalisation of dimensions of the stress resistance.


The mental toughness in sport questionnaire (MTSQ) presents accurate and reliable operationalisation of stress resistance dimensions.


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Jak cytować

Przybylski, J. (2018). Mental toughness in sport questionnaire – MTSQ. Current Issues in Personality Psychology, 6(1), 67–78. Pobrano z