Altruism and the Dark Triad


Słowa kluczowe:

Dark Triad, altruism, personality, prosocial


The Dark Triad literature examining pro-social behaviours is minimal, with mixed results.

Participants and procedure:
This study investigates the relationships between the Dark Triad and altruistic behaviours based on self-report data from 286 adults. Altruism was assessed using two scales: a general measure as well as a more recent scale measur-ing compassionate altruism towards family, friends, and strangers.

Machiavellianism negatively correlated with general altruism; however, when controlling for the other dark variables plus age and gender in a regression, narcissism was the only Dark Triad trait that significantly predicted altruism. None of the Dark Triad traits were significantly related to or predictive of compassionate altruism.

This study demonstrates that the Dark Triad and altruism relationships are not straightforward, and that, surprising-ly, strong negative relationships between the traits and altruism are not found. Limitations and future research direc-tions are discussed.


Download data is not yet available.


Bereczkei, T., Birkas, B., & Kerekes, Z. (2010). The presence of others, prosocial traits, Machiavellianism: a personality × situation approach. Social Psychology, 41, 238–245. a000032.

Chen, S., Friesdorf, R., & Jordan, C. H. (2021). State and trait narcissism predict everyday helping. Self and Identity, 20, 182–198. 15298868.2019.1598892.

Christie, R., & Geis, F. L. (1970). Studies in Machiavellianism. Academic Press. Fehr, B., Samson, D., & Paulhus, D. L. (1992). The construct of Machiavellianism: Twenty years later. In C. D. Spielberger & J. N. Butcher (Eds.), Advances in personality assessment (Vol. 9, pp. 77–116). Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Forgas, J. P., & Tan, H. B. (2013). To give or to keep? Affective influences on selfishness and fairness in computer-mediated interactions in the dictator game and the ultimatum game. Computers in Human Behavior, 29, 64–74. chb.2012.07.017.

Gulliford, L., Morgan, B., Hemming, E., & Abbott, J. (2019). Gratitude, self-monitoring and social intelligence: a prosocial relationship? Current Psychology, 38, 1021–1032. 019-00330-w.

Jonason, P. K., Li, N. P., & Teicher, E. A. (2010). Who is James Bond? The Dark Triad as an agentic social style. Individual Differences Research, 8, 111–120.

Jones, D. N., & Mueller, S. M. (2021). Is Machiavellianism dead or dormant? The perils of researching a secretive construct. Journal of Business Ethics.

Konrath, S., Ho, M. H., & Zarins, S. (2016). The strategic helper: Narcissism and prosocial motives and behaviors. Current Psychology, 35, 182–194. https://

Kowalski, C. M., Rogoza, R., Vernon, P. A., & Schermer, J. A. (2018). The Dark Triad and impression management variables of socially desirable responding and self-monitoring. Personality and Individual Differences, 120, 234–237. https://doi. org/10.1016/j.paid.2017.09.007.

Mehdizadeh, S. (2010). Self-presentation 2.0: Narcissism and self-esteem on Facebook. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 13, 357–364.

Miller, J. D., Gentile, B., Carter, N. T., Crowe, M., Hoffman, B. J., & Campbell, W. K. (2018). A comparison of the nomological networks associated with forced-choice and Likert formats of the Narcissistic Personality Inventory. Journal of Personality Assessment, 100, 259–267. 00223891.2017.1310731.

O’Connor, L. E., Rangan, R. K., Berry, J. W., Stiver, D. J., Hanson, R., Ark, W., & Li, T. (2015). Empathy, compassionate altruism and psychological well-being in contemplative practitioners across five traditions. Psychology, 6, 989–1000. https://doi. org/10.4236/psych.2015.68096.

Oda, R., Machii, W., Takagi, S., Kato, Y., Takeda, M., Kiyonari, T., Fukukawa, Y., & Hiraishi, K. (2014). Personality and altruism in daily life. Personality and Individual Differences, 56, 206–209. https://doi. org/10.1016/j.paid.2013.09.017.

Osiński, J. (2009). Kin altruism, reciprocal altruism and social discounting. Personality and Individual Differences, 47, 374–378. paid.2009.04.011.

Palmer, J. A., & Tackett, S. (2018). An examination of the Dark Triad constructs with regard to prosocial behavior. Acta Psychopathologica, 4, 5. https://doi. org/10.4172/2469-6676.100161.

Paulhus, D. L., Neumann, C. S., & Hare, R. D. (2016). Manual for the Self-Report Psychopathy scale. Multi-Health Systems. Paulhus, D. L., & Williams, K. M. (2002). The Dark Triad of personality: Narcissism, Machiavellianism and psychopathy. Journal of Research in Personality, 36, 556–563. 6566(02)00505-6.

Raskin, R. N., & Hall, C. S. (1979). A narcissistic personality inventory. Psychological Reports, 45, 590.

Rushton, J. P., Chrisjohn, R. D., & Fekken, C. (1981). The altruistic personality and the Self-Report Altruism Scale. Personality and Individual Differences, 2, 293–302. (81)90084-2.

Sakai, J. T., Raymond, K. M., McWilliams, S. K., & Mikulich-Gilbertson, S. K. (2019). Testing helping behavior and its relationship to antisocial personality and psychopathic traits. Psychiatry Research, 274, 98–104. psychres.2019.02.022.

Vernon, P. A., Villani, V. C., Vickers, L. C., & Harris, J. A. (2008). A behavioral genetic investigation of the Dark Triad and the Big 5. Personality and Individual Differences, 44, 445–452. paid.2007.09.007.

Vaux, A., Riedel, S., & Stewart, D. (1987). Modes of social support: The social support behaviors (SS-B) scale. American Journal of Community Psychology, 15, 209–237.

Vinacke, W. E. (1980). Prosocial behavior. Academic Psychology Bulletin, 2, 259–286.

Vize, C. E., Lynam, D. R., Collison, K. L., & Miller, J. D. (2018). Differences among dark triad components: a meta-analytic investigation. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 9, 101–111.

Wertag, A., & Bratko, D. (2019). In search of the prosocial personality: Personality traits as predictors of prosociality and prosocial behavior. Journal of Individual Differences, 40, 55–62. https://doi. org/10.1027/1614-0001/a000276.



Jak cytować

Trahair, C., MacDonald, K. B., Furnham, A., & Schermer, J. A. (2022). Altruism and the Dark Triad. Current Issues in Personality Psychology, 10(3), 234–239. Pobrano z