Identification of the social economic and environmental context of the concept of city sustainability, based on the example of Ternopil, Ukraine




PRISMA, Content Analysis, Geospatial Analysis, SWOT, Ternopil, Sustainable City


The main intent of the study is to investigate the conceptual framework of sustainability associated with the social, economic, and environmental context of the city of Ternopil, Ukraine. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and MetaAnalyses have been used to better understand the conceptual threshold area of sustainability. Geospatial approaches are used to measure the city’s sustainability. The results indicate that Ternopil city’s socio-economic context moderately supports sustainability, while the environmental context is less supportive. The study found that the city’s economic growth and development have caused environmental degradation, leading to the loss of biodiversity and natural resources. However, the study revealed that the city is adopting sustainable practices. The city’s strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats (SWOT) have been analysed in light of sustainability. The study recommends that policymakers and stakeholders in Ternopil City should prioritise sustainable development practices, such as implementing public transport and promoting sustainable urban planning. Overall, the study provides insights into the relationship between socioeconomic and environmental factors and sustainability in Ternopil City and highlights the need for sustainable development practices to ensure a sustainable future for the city.


Download data is not yet available.


Baran M., Hazenberg R., Iwinska K., Kasianiuk K., Perifanos I., Ferreira J.M., 2023, Between innovative and habitual behavior. Evidence from a study on sustainability in Greece, Poland, Portugal, Sweden, and the United Kingdom, Frontiers in Energy Research, 10, 1030418. doi: 10.3389/ fenrg.2022.1030418.

Bielecka E., Jenerowicz A., Pokonieczny K., Borkowska S., 2020, Land Cover Changes and Flows in the Polish Baltic Coastal Zone: A Qualitative and Quantitative Approach, Remote Sensing, 12(13), 2088. doi: 10.3390/rs12132088.

Brown K., Mijic A., 2019, Integrating green and blue spaces into our cities: Making it happen, Grantham Institute, London.

Caputo S., Schoen V., Blythe C., 2023, Productivity and Efficiency of Community Gardens: Case Studies from the UK, Land, 12(1), 238. doi: 10.3390/land12010238.

Carlicci M., Polinesi G., Salvati L., 2023, Agglomeration vs amenities? Unraveling the latent engine of growth in metropolitan Greece, Environment and Planning B: Urban Analytics and City Science, 50(9), 2491-2509. doi: 10.1177/23998083231159110.

Chaberek G., 2021, Designing Streets for Smart Cities, [in:] P. Sharma (Ed.), Geospatial Technology and Smart Cities, ICT, Geoscience Modeling, GIS and Remote Sensing, Springer, Chem, 59–74. doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-71945-6_4.

Ciommi M., Egidi G., Vardopoulos I., Chelli F.M., Salvati L., 2023, Toward a ‘Migrant Trap’? Local Development, Urban Sustainability, Sociodemographic Inequalities, and the Economic Decline in a Mediterranean Metropolis, Social Sciences, 12(1), 26. doi: 10.3390/socsci12010026.

Cooke S., Behrens R., 2017, Correlation or cause? The limitations of population density as an indicator for public transport viability in the context of rapidly growing developing city, Transportation Research Procedia, 25, 3003–3016. doi: 10.1016/j.trpro.2017.05.229.

Corvalan C., Prats E.V., Sena A., Campbell-Lendrum D., Karliner J., Risso A., Vinci S. et al., 2020, Towards Climate Resilient and Environmentally Sustainable Health Care Facilities, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(23), 8849. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17238849.

Dearing A., 2000, Sustainable Innovation: Drivers and Barriers, World Business Council for Sustainable Development, Geneva.

Depietri Y., McPhearson T., 2017, Integrating the Grey, Green, and Blue in Cities: Nature-Based Solutions for Climate Change Adaptation and Risk Reduction, [in:] N. Kachisch, H. Korn, J. Stadler, A. Bonn (Eds.), Nature-Based Solutions to Climate Change Adaptation in Urban Areas, Springer, Chem, 91–109.

Elder M., Magnus B., Akenji L., 2016, An Optimistic Analysis of the Means of Implementation for Sustainable Development Goals: Thinking about Goals as Means, Sustainability, 8(9), 962. doi: 10.3390/su8090962.

Ferrari A.C., Corrado A., Fama M., 2023, Digitalisation, politics of sustainability and new agrarian questions: The case of dairy farming in rural spaces of Italy and Sweden, Sociologia Ruralis, 63(3), 703–728. doi: 10.1111/soru.12420.

Flores A., Peralta L., 2020, The enhancement of resilience to disasters and climate change in the Caribbean through the modernization of the energy sector, United Nations, Santiago.

Gomez-Ortega A., Flores-Ureba S., Gelashvili V., Jalon M.L., 2023, Users’ perception for innovation and sustainability management: evidence from public transport, Review of Managerial Science, 2023. doi: 10.1007/s11846-023- 00625-0.

Hill S.L., Arnell A., Maney C., Butchart H.M., Hilton-Taylor C., Ciciarelli C., Burgess N.D., 2019, Measuring Forest Biodiversity Status and Changes Globally, Frontiers in Forests and Global Change, 2, 70. doi: 10.3389/ ffgc.2019.00070.

Huerta J.K., Geneletti D., 2023, A distributive environmental justice index to support green space planning in cities, Landscape and Urban Planning, 229(3), 104592. doi: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2022.104592.

Kaiser N., Barstow C., 2022, Rural Transportation Infrastructure in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Review of Impacts, Implications, and Interventions, Sustainability, 14(4), 2149. doi: 10.3390/su14042149.

Kniivila M., 2007, Industrial development and economic growth: Implications for poverty reduction and income nequality, [in:] J. DiSano (Ed.), Industrial Development for the 21st Century: Sustainable Development Perspectives, United Nations, New York, 295–331.

Kuhlman T., Farrington J., 2010, What is Sustainability? Sustainability, 2(11), 3436–3448. doi: 10.3390/su2113436.

Legutko-Kobus P., Nowak M., Petrisor A., Barbulescu D., Craciun C., Garjoaba A., 2023, Protection of Environmental and Natural Values of Urban Areas against Investment Pressure: A Case Study of Romania and Poland, Land, 12(1), 245. doi: 10.3390/land12010245.

Lehmann S., 2016, Sustainable urbanism: towards a framework for quality and optimal density?, Future Cities and Environment, 2, 8. doi: 10.1186/s40984-016-0021-3.

Leigh N.G., Lee H., 2019, Sustainable and Resilient Urban Water Systems: The Role of Decentralization and Planning, Sustainability, 11(3), 918. doi: 10.3390/su11030918.

Lejda K., Mądziel M., Siedlecka S., Zielińska, S., 2017, The future of public transport in light of solutions for sustainable transport development, Scientific Journal of Silesian University of Technology,Series Transport, 95, 97–108. doi: 10.20858/sjsutst.2017.95.10.

Mayor A., Beltran E., Cortina J.L., Valderrama C., 2023, Nitrogen flow analysis in Spain: Perspectives to increase sustainability, Science of the Total Environment, 858(3), 160117. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.160117.

Medeiros E., Valente B., 2023, Assessing impacts of public policies towards environmental sustainability in an EU region: North of Portugal, European Planning Studies, 31(1), 1–20. doi: 10.1080/09654313.2023.2169068.

Miles V., Esau I., Miles M.W., 2023, The urban climate of the largest cities of the European Arctic, Urban Climate, 48,101423. doi: 10.1016/j.uclim.2023.101423.

Mitra S., Hore S., Roy S., Debbarma D., 2021, Micro-level classification of road network connectivity of Agartala Municipal Corporation, Geographical Review of India, 83(3–4), 214–234.

Mitra S., Roy S., Hore S., 2022, Assessment and forecasting of the urban dynamics through lulc based mixed model: evidence from Agartala, India, GeoJournal, 83(4), 1–24. doi: 10.1007/s10708-022-10730-4.

Moher D., Liberati A., Tetzlaff J., Altman D.G., 2009, Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and MetaAnalyses: The PRISMA Statement, PLOS Medicine, 6(7), 1–6.

Montella A., Chiaradonna S., Mihiel A.C., Lovegrove G., Nunziante P., Riccardi M.R., 2022, Sustainable Complete Streets Design Criteria and Case Study in Naples, Italy, Sustainability, 14(20), 13142. doi: 10.3390/su142013142.

Moreno C., Allam Z., Chabaud D., Gall C., Pratlong F., 2021, Introducing the “15-Minute City”: Sustainability, Resilience and Place Identity in Future Post-Pandemic Cities, Smart Cities, 4(1), 93–111. doi: 10.3390/smartcities4010006.

Mulrow C.D., 1987, The Medical Review Article: State of the Science, Annals of Internal Medicine, 106(3), 485–489. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-106-3-485.

Nedd R., Light K., Owens M., James N., Johnson E., Anandhi A., 2021, A Synthesis of Land Use/Land Cover Studies: Definitions, Classification Systems, Meta-Studies, Challenges and Knowledge Gaps on a Global Landscape, Land, 10(9), 994. doi: 10.3390/land10090994.

Page M.J., McKenzie J.E., Bossuyt P.M., Hoffmann T.C., Mulrow C.D., Boutron I., 2021, The PRISMA 2020 statement: an updated guideline for reporting systematic reviews, BMJ, 372, n71. doi: 10.1136/bmj.n71.

Palevicius V., Burinskiene M., Antucheviciene J., Saparauskas J., 2019, Comparative Study of Urban Area Growth: Determining the Key Criteria of Inner Urban Development, Symmetry, 11(3), 406. doi: 10.3390/sym11030406.

Pignatelli M., Moghadam S.T., Genta C., Lombardi P., 2023, Spatial decision support system for low-carbon sustainable cities development: An interactive storytelling dashboard for the city of Turin, Sustainable Cities and Society, 89, 104310. doi: 10.1016/j.scs.2022.104310.

Przezdziecki K., Zawadzki J., 2023, Impact of the Variability of Vegetation, Soil Moisture, and Building Density between City Districts on Land Surface Temperature, Warsaw, Poland, Sustainability, 15(2), 1274. doi: 10.3390/ su15021274.

Purvis B., Mao Y., Robinson D., 2018, Three pillars of sustainability: in search of conceptual origins, Sustainability Science, 14, 681-695. doi: 10.1007/s11625-018-0627-5.

Rodrigue J.P., Slack B., 2017, The Geography of Transport Systems, Routledge, New York.

Roy S., Mitra S., 2021, Rail Freight Transport System in Tripura: An Analysis of Performances and Prospects, [in:] S. Mitra, S. Bandyopadhyay, S. Roy, T.P. Dentinho (Eds.), Railway Transportation in South Asia, Springer, Chem, 103–130.

Roy S., Mitra S., 2023, Does Physio-environmental Determinism Influence the Infrastructural Development of Railway Stations?, Journal of Infrastructure Development, 14(2), 91–126. doi: 10.1177/09749306221140720.

Sandstrom C., Ring I., Olshewki R., Simoncini R., Albert C., Acar S., Pergl J., 2023, Mainstreaming biodiversity and nature’s contributions to people in Europe and Central Asia: insights from IPBES to inform the CBD post-2020 agenda, Ecosystems and People, 19(1), 1–14. doi: 10.1080/26395916.2022.2138553.

Shao H., Kim G., 2022, A Comprehensive Review of Different Types of Green Infrastructure to Mitigate Urban Heat Islands: Progress, Functions, and Benefits, Land, 11(10), 1792. doi: 10.3390/land11101792.

Shishegaran A., Shishegaran A., Mazzula G., Forciniti C., 2020, A Novel Approach for a Sustainability Evaluation of Developing System Interchange: The Case Study of the Sheikhfazolah-Yadegar Interchange, Tehran, Iran, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(2), 435. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17020435.

Strano A., Luca A.I., Falcone G., Iofrida N., Stillitano T., Gulisano G., 2013, Economic and environmental sustainability assessment of wine grape production scenarios in Southern Italy, Agricultural Sciences, 4(5B), 12–20. doi: 10.4236/as.2013.45B003.

Tarasevych O., Akhromkin Y., Volkova A., Zablodska D., Akhromkin A., 2023, Resilient Openness of Eastern European Cities in the Conditions of Sustainable Development, Problems of Sustainable Development, 18(1), 111–119. doi: 10.35784/pe.2023.1.11.

Tikodis I., Farrow K., Mebiame R.M., Oueslati W., 2022, Beyond average population density: Measuring sprawl with density-allocation indicators, Land Use Policy, 112, 105832. doi: 10.1016/j.landusepol.2021.105832.

Tiwari G., Phillip C., 2021, Development of public transport systems in small cities: A roadmap for achieving sustainable development goal indicator 11.2, IATSS Research, 45(1), 31–38. doi: 10.1016/j.iatssr.2021.02.002.

Toli A.M., Murtangh N., 2020, The Concept of Sustainability in Smart City Definitions, Frontiers in Built Environment, 6, 77. doi: 10.3389/fbuil.2020.00077.

Williams K., 2009, Sustainable cities: research and practice challenges, International Journal of Urban Sustainable Development, 1(1–2), 128–132. doi: 10.1080/19463131003654863.

Woo E.J., Kang E., 2020, Environmental Issues As an Indispensable Aspect of Sustainable Leadership, Sustainability, 12(17), 7014. doi: 10.3390/su12177014.

World Commission on Environment and Development, 1987, Report of the world commission on environment and development: our common future, Oxford University Press, Oxford.




How to Cite

Roy, S., Nazarkiv, L., Markulchak, T., & Chaberek, G. (2023). Identification of the social economic and environmental context of the concept of city sustainability, based on the example of Ternopil, Ukraine. Journal of Geography, Politics and Society, 13(4), 26–39.