Problems of the Ukrainian labor market

  • Paweł Czapliński University of Szczecin
  • Vasyl Dzhaman Chernivtsi National University
Keywords: labor market, Ukraine, economic emigration


According to various sources, after 2014 there was a clear decline in GDP and the level of income in Ukraine, which, taking into account the interdependence between economic growth and the condition of the labor market, translated into significant difficulties in the structure of resources and the activity of the local workforce. The source of these difficulties turned out to be not only the price factor, but also non-price factors such as poor protection of employee rights, lack of social protection and social security, as well as payment gridlocks on the employer-employee line. This forced many Ukrainians to sometimes make dramatic decisions about economic emigration, mainly to European Union countries, including Poland. According to various estimates, there are currently 7 to 9 million Ukrainian citizens working abroad who contribute to the development of the economies of other countries. Meanwhile, the Ukrainian labor market is in a very difficult situation. Based on the analysis of official statistical data, an attempt was made to characterize the Ukrainian labor market, its main determinants were outlined and Ukrainians’ attitudes towards changes on the domestic labor market were determined. The research used critical literature analysis, statistical description methods, spatial analysis methods and case study method. Based on the conducted analyzes, it was shown that in the years 2010–2017 the Ukrainian labor market was struggling with a number of unfavorable phenomena, which was significantly aggravated by the political crisis at the turn of 2013 and 2014.


Batchenko L., Dielini M., 2011, Labour market in Ukraine: State and development prospects, Actual Problems of Economics, 120(6), 157–163.

Campling L., Miyamura S., Pattenden J., Selwyn B., 2016, Class dynamics of development: a methodological note, Third World Quarterly, 37(10), 1745–1767. doi: 10.1080/01436597.2016.1200440.

Cartelier J., 2017, About waged labour: From monetary subordination to exploitation, Economic Thought, 6(2), 27–36.

Czaplińska A., Kibych I., 2019, Eksport drewna z Ukrainy na tle rosnącego deficytu surowcowego w przemyśle drzewnym UE (Eng. Export of timber from Ukraine against the background of a growing commodity deficit in the EU wood industry). Prace Komisji Geografii Przemysłu Polskiego Towarzystwa Geograficznego, 33(4), (in press).

Czapliński P., Kibych I., 2017, Postawy abiturientów wobec rynku pracy: Szczecin i Czerniowce – studium przypadku (Eng. Attitudes of High School Graduates toward the Labour Market. Szczecin and Chernivtsi – Case Study), Przedsiębiorczość-Edukacja, 13, 405–416. doi: 10.24917/20833296.13.30.

Dluhopolskyi O., Zatonatska T., Lvova I., Klapkiv Y., 2019, Regulations for Returning Labour Migrants to Ukraine: International Background and National Limitations, Comparative Economic Research, 22(3), 45–64. doi: 10.2478/cer-2019-0022.

Fichter M., 2005, The German: Way still treading the path of institutionalized labor relations? [in:] S. Beck, F. Klobes, C. Scherrer, (eds.), Surviving globalization?: Perspectives for the German economic model, University of Kassel, Kassel, 93–110.

Fritz V., 2005, New divisions in Europe? East-East divergence and the influence of European Union enlargement, Journal of International Relations and Development, 8(2), 192–217.

Hollinshead G., 2019, Global value chains in international knowledge work: networks, stratifications and labour markets, Global Networks, (in press). doi: 10.1111/glob.12253.

Kulchytska K., Minich R. (eds.), 2019, Myths and facts about ukrainian labour migration to the Visegrad group, 2019, Europe without Barriers (Ukraine), (accessed 30 September 2019).

Lehmann H., Muravyev A., Zimmermann K.F., 2012, The Ukrainian longitudinal monitoring: towards a better understanding of labor markets in transition, IZA Journal of Labor and Development, 1(1), 9.

Markina I., Sharkova A., Barna M., 2018, Entrepreneurship in the shadow economy: The case study of Russia and Ukraine, International Journal of Entrepreneurship, 22(3), 1939-4675-22-3-158.

Markova E., Paraskevopoulou A., McKay S., 2019, Treading lightly: Regularised migrant workers in Europe, Migration Letters, 16(3), 451–461.

McCormick B., Sheppard S., 1992, A model of regional contraction and unemployment, Economic Journal, 102(411), 366–377.

Migration and migrant population statistics, Eurostat, statistics&oldid=331044 (accessed 30 September 2019).

Migration in Ukraine: facts and figures, 2016, IOM Mission in Ukraine, Kyiv.

Moskalenko K.S., Zaporozhets Ju.V., 2018, The state of the labour market of Ukraine, Young Scientist, 5(57), 730–734.

Niemets L., Sehida K., Kravchenko K., Telebienieva I., Peresadko V., 2018, Trends forming policentric model of spatial development and implementation of the European experience for Ukraine, [in:] Proceedings of the 32nd International Business Information Management Association Conference. IBIMA 2018 – Vision 2020: Sustainable Economic Development and Application of Innovation Management from Regional expansion to Global Growth 2018, IBIMA, Seville, 362–374.

Oliskevych M., 2015, Hysteresis, structural shocks and common trends in labor market: consequence for Ukraine, Ikonomicheski Izsledvania, 24(4), 120–137.

Oliskevych M., Tokarchuk V., 2018, Dynamic modelling of nonlinearities in the behaviour of labour market indicators in Ukraine and Poland, Economic Annals-XXI, 169(1–2), 35–39. doi: 10.21003/ea.V169-07.

Pervak G., 2019, Odin slûsar na sìm vakansìj: ŝo ne tak ìz profosvìtoû v Ukraïnì (Eng. One locksmith for seven jobs: what’s wrong with the trade union in Ukraine), (accessed 30 September 2019).

Prajsnar A., 2018, Ukraina zostanie bez pracowników? Deficyt rąk do pracy się pogłębia (Eng. Ukraine will be without employees? The deficit of hands for work is deepening),,duze-zdjecie,1,ukraina-zostanie-bez-pracownikow-deficyt-rak-do-pracy-sie-poglebia.html (accessed 30 September 2019).

Registration of employers’ declarations of intention to entrust work to a foreigner, Ministry of Family, Labor and Social Policy of the Republic of Poland, (accessed 30 September 2019).

Rinok pracì u I kvartalì 2019 roku: robotodavcì vzâli pauzu, a pošukačìperekvalìfìkovuût’sâ (Eng. Labor market in Q1 2019: employers take a break and job seekers are retrained), HeadHunter Україна, (accessed 30 September 2019).

Ryndzak O., 2019, Evaluation of a population’s migration potential as an important component of migration policy, Economies, 7(3), 72. doi: 10.3390/economies7030072.

Sadova U., 2010, Migration risks in the context of social-economic transformations of Ukraine, Economics and Sociology, 3(1a), 89–98.

Śmietana K., 2019, Cudzoziemcy uratują budowy? Brakuje już ponad 100 tys. pracowników, a będzie jeszcze gorzej (Eng. Foreigners will save the construction sites? There is already a shortage of over 100,000 workers and it will be even worse),,budowlanka-brak-pracownikowukraincy.html (accessed 30 September 2019).

Statističnij ŝorìčnik za 2017 rìk (Eng. Statistical Yearbook of Ukraine 2017), 2018, Deržavna služba statistiki Ukraïni, Kiïv.

Šutka N., 2019, Rinok pracì s’ogodnì ì do čogo tut vibori (Eng. The labor market today and what is the election here), (accessed 30 September 2019).

Zappalà S., Massei F., 2011, Psycho-social factors and innovativeness in a sample of small enterprises, Psicologia Sociale, 6(1), 51–70.

How to Cite
Czapliński, P., & Dzhaman, V. (2019). Problems of the Ukrainian labor market. Journal of Geography, Politics and Society, 9(4), 24-34.