Socio-economic aspects of potential migrants of the mountainous region of Adjaria


  • Merab Putkaradze Batumi Shota Rustaveli State University
  • George Abuselidze Batumi Shota Rustaveli State University



demographics, population, migration, economy, Adjaria, Georgia


Maintenance of the optimum quantity of population in mountainous regions of the world and management of migration processes are among urgent matters. The problem is so difficult that it requires a complex study and foresees regional originalities. Therefore, the main objective of the research is to study the aims and factors involving potential migrants in possible migration processes, based on the example of Georgia, in particular on the example of the mountainous region of Adjaria. The research was mainly based on sociological questioning and an in-depth interview method, by which a comparison of surveys conducted in the Soviet period and in independent Georgia as well as a comparison of quantitative and qualitative properties of migration processes were performed. As a result of the research, it was concluded that main reasons causing potential migration processes in the modern period are not social, but economic and ecological factors. Besides, in different social groups, geographical originalities of trends of expected migration processes were found. Therefore, events managing the expected migration processes are set, which would bear huge importance for working out the country’s migration policy and efficiently fulfilling municipal programs.


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How to Cite

Putkaradze, M., & Abuselidze, G. (2022). Socio-economic aspects of potential migrants of the mountainous region of Adjaria. Journal of Geography, Politics and Society, 12(2), 8–15.