Trudności kadrowe w funkcjonowaniu Powiatowego Urzędu Bezpieczeństwa Publicznego w Sztumie w latach 1947–1952 – próba analizy
Słowa kluczowe:komunistyczny aparat bezpieczeństwa, stalinizm, Powiatowy Urząd Bezpieczeństwa Publicznego w Sztumie, Wojewódzki Urząd Bezpieczeństwa Publicznego w Gdańsku, reorganizacja aparatu bezpieczeństwa, 1952 r.
The aim of the author of this article is to show, how the staffing difficulties of the Poviat Office of Public Security (PUBP) in Sztum, resulting from the fact that the central authorities of the Ministry of Public Security allocated far too few posts for the Sztum poviat, hindered the current work of this institution in the years 1947–1952. The time caesura adopted by the author results from the fact that in August 1947 changes were introduced in the structure of field units of the security apparatus. The new system systematized the organization of district units of the security service according to the importance of tasks and the size of subordinated areas. As far as the second date is concerned, in March 1952, another change was made to the organisational layout of dystrakt political police units. The reform introduced at that time was aimed at shifting the centre of gravity of the activities of the repressive organs to the territory of individual communes. The author’s research thesis is to prove that the insufficient quantitative and qualitative level of operative officers of the PUBP in Sztum in the analysed period was of key importance for the functioning of this unit of the poviat apparatus of the BP, as it negatively influenced its current operational work and not only made it difficult, but practically impossible to fulfil adequately the tasks set for the officers of the BP apparatus in Sztum by their superiors from the WUBP (Voivodeship Office of Public Security) in Gdańsk, both in the shorter and longer time perspective. On the other hand, complaining about staff shortages and insufficient assistance from the province in solving current problems in operational work by the management of the PUBP in Sztum was nothing unusual in the scale of the province and the country, and made it possible to at least partially cover up the shortcomings of their own effectiveness in work before their superiors.