Entextualizing History through Archives: Representation of Muslim Identity in Post 9/11 Documentaries


  • Khurram Nawaz Sheikh The Media School, Indiana University Bloomington



Słowa kluczowe:

post 9/11 media, documentary, entextualization, Muslim representation


Representation of Muslims in media post the Sept 11 attacks in the US largely focused on themes of terrorism and extremism. Such homogenized representation was particularly problematic in non-fiction media such as news and documentaries which use archival footage to create ‘reality’. The consequent circulation of these images across the globe is one of the many examples through which Muslim representation has been constructed through stock footage and sourced media images in media post the 9/11 attacks. In this paper, I examine stock images in documentary films in the form of archives to examine the representation of Muslim identity in the post 9/11 world. Using Malitsky’s framework of entextualization to analyze archival material in post 9/11 documentaries, I argue how stock images create a power differential between the East and the West (Said, 1979) reinstating imperial domination. Therefore, this paper intends to examine the use of archives that have been entextualized and re-present history to shape representation of Muslims across spatial and temporal differences through documentary films. To do so, I critically examine two post 9/11 documentaries – Secret Pakistan (2011) and Turning Point: 9/11 and the War on Terror (2021) – to study how these films position the role of Pakistan as an Islamic nation in the Global War on Terror.


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Jak cytować

Sheikh , K. N. (2023). Entextualizing History through Archives: Representation of Muslim Identity in Post 9/11 Documentaries. Panoptikum, (29), 66–77. https://doi.org/10.26881/pan.2023.29.04