Odrodzenie kulturowe na postkolonialnym Tahiti. Przypadek unu


  • Małgorzata Owczarska Uniwersytet Warszawski



Słowa kluczowe:

Tahiti, Polynesia, cultural renewal, relations, unu indigenous associations


This article explores contemporary aspects of cultural renewal in postcolonial Tahiti. By focusing on the renewed interest in unu sculptures, I describe practices of indigenous associations, which are trying to address the islanders’ profound cultural identity crisis. As a result of colonial history of the region, the cultural continuity has been almost entirely severed. The activists consciously strive to reclaim the history and knowledge that disappeared. However, the goal does not consist in mere restoration of the historical forms, or rewriting the history anew in the hardened Western canons. What is the most important for the activists is to live through and to link relations between human, non-human, spirituality, places and memory. Therefore, I am particularly interested in pointing out the intersections of various relations cutting across categories such as time and space. These activities will also be characterized as processual and mobile.


Download data is not yet available.

Biogram autora

Małgorzata Owczarska - Uniwersytet Warszawski

doktorantka w Instytucie Filozofii i Socjologii PAN oraz w Instytucie Etnologii i Antropologii Kulturowej UW. Zainteresowania: et-nografia Polinezji, antropologia mobilności, stosunki człowiek – natura, krytyka i badania postkolonializmu;


Appandurai, A. (2005). Nowoczesność bez granic. Kulturowe wymiary globalizacji. Przeł. Z. Pucek. Kraków: Universitas.
Ashcroft, B., Griffiths, G., Tiffin, H. (2002). The Empire Writes Back: Theory and Practice in Post-colonial Literatures. Second Edition. London and New York: Routledge.
Babadzan, A. (1982) Naissance d’une tradition. Chanement culturel et syncrétism religieux aux îsles Australes. Paris: ORSTOM.
Babadzan, A. (1988). Kastom and Nation Building in the South Pacific. W: R. Guidieri, F. Pellizzi, S. Tambiah (eds.), Ethnicities and Nations: Processes of Interethnic Relations in Latin America, Southeast Asia and the Pacific (s. 199–228). Austin: University of Texas Press.
Babadzan, A. (1993). Les dépouilles des dieux. Essai sur la religion tahitienne à l’époque de la découverte. Paris: Editions de la maison des sciences de l’homme.
Babadzan, A. (2003). Syncrétism religieux, identités politiques, W: A. Babadzan (ed.), Insularités Hommage à Henri Lavondés. Textes réunis (s. 167–176). Paris: Société d’ethnologie.
Bachimon, Ph. (1990). Tahiti Entre Mythes et Réalités. Essai d’histoire géographique. Paris: Editions du Comité des Travaux Historiques et Scientifiques.
Baré, J.-F. (1987). Tahiti, les temps et les pouvoires. Pour une anthropologie historique du Tahiti post-européen. Paris: Éditions de l’ORSTOM.
Craig, R.D. (1989). Dictionary of Polynesian Mythology. New York: Greenwood Press.
Danielsson, B., Danielsson, M.-T. (1993). Moruroa Notre Bombe Coloniale. Histoire de la colonization nucléaire de la Polynésie française. Paris: Editions L’Harmattan.
Druett, J. (2011). Tupaia: Captain Cook’s Polynesian Navigator. Santa Barbara, Denver & Oxford: Praeger.
Emory, K.P. (1971 [1933]). Stone Remains in The Society Islands. New York: Kraus Reprint CO.
Finney, B.R. (2007 [1973]). Tahiti. Polynesian Peasants and Proletarians. New Brunswick & London: Transaction Publishers.
Finney, B.R. (2003). Sailing in the Wake of the Ancestors: Reviving Polynesian Voyaging. Honolulu: Bishop Museum Press.
Finney, B.R. (2008). Renaissance. W: K.R. Howe (ed.), Vaka Moana. Voyages of the Ancestors (s. 288–333). Auckland: David Bateman Ltd. & Auckland Museum.
Friedman, J.(1992). The Past in the Future: History and the Politics of Identity. American Anthropologist, New Series, 94(4), 837–859.
Gandhi, L. (2008). Teoria postkolonialna. Przeł. J. Serwański. Poznań: Wydawnictwo Poznańskie.
Hanson, A. (1989). The Making of the Maori: Culture Invention and Its Logic. American Anthropologist, 91, 890–902.
Henry, T. (1971 [1928]). Ancient Tahiti. Based on Materials Recorded by J.M. Orsmond. Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin 48, New York: Kraus Reprint Co.
Hobsbawm, E., Ranger, T. (2008). Tradycja wynaleziona. Przeł. M. Godyń, F. Godyń. Kraków: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego.
Inauguration de…, (2010). Inauguration de la plage Hokule’a, jardin de Paofai, Tahiti Infos, 26 listopada 2010, http://www.tahiti-infos.com/Inauguration-de-la-plage-HOKULE-A-jardin-de-Paofai_a13345.html, dostęp: 31.03.2014.
Ingold, T. (2006). The Perception of the Environment. Essays in Livelihood, Dwelling and Skill, London & New York: Routledge.
Institut de la Statistique de la Polynésie française, (2013). Population légale du recensement de la population de 2012 en Polynésie française. Pobrane z: http://www.ispf.pf/docs/default-source/publi-pr/POP_LEGALE_2012_PF.pdf?sfvrsn=2, dostęp: 16.04.2014.
Jolly, M. (1992). Spaces of inauthenticity. The Contemporary Pacific, IV(1), 49–72.
Keesing, R. (1989). Creating the Past: Custom and Identity in the Contemporary Pacific. The Contemporary Pacific, 1(1 i 2), (Spring&Fall), 19–42.
Latour, B. (2011). Nigdy nie byliśmy nowocześni. Studium z antropologii symetrycznej. Przeł. M. Gdula. Warszawa: Oficyna Naukowa.
Latour, B. (2013). Nadzieja Pandory. Eseje o rzeczywistości w studiach nad nauką. Przeł. K. Abriszewski. Toruń: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu Mikołaja Kopernika.
Linnekin, J. (1983). Defining Tradition: Variations on the Hawaiian Identity. American Ethnologist, 10, 241–253.
Linnekin, J. (1990). Cultural Ethnicity in the Pacific. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press.
Linnekin, J. (1991). Cultural Invention and the Dilemma of Authenticity. American Anthropologist, 93, 446–448.
Makemson, M. (1941). The Morning Star Rises. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Manu-Tahi, Ch.T. (1999). Te parau o Papenoo, e peho no Tahiti. Papeete: Tahiti Veia Rai.
Millaud H., Rattinassamy, M. (2001). Porapora i te fānau tahi, mille ans de memoire (Cahiers du Patrimoine, vol. 2). Tahiti: Ministère de la Culture de Polynésie française.
Newbury, C. (1980). Tahiti Nui. Change and Survival in French Polynesia 1767–1945. Honolulu: The University Press of Hawai’i.
Pambrun, J.-M.T. (2010). Henri Hiro. Héros polynésien. Biographie. Tahiti: Puna Honu.
Panoff, M. (1989). Tahiti Metisse. Paris: Denoël.
Poirine, B. (1992). Tahiti: Du Melting Pot à l’Explosion? Paris: Editions l’Harmattan.
Ra’apoto, T. (1988). Maohi: On being Tahitian. W: N.J. Pollock, R. Crocombe (eds.), French Polynesia: A Book of Selected Readings (s. 3–7). Suva: Institute of Pacific Studies of the University of the South Pacific.
Robineau, C. (1984). Tradition et Modernité aux Iles de la Société. Du coprah à l’atome. Livre I. Paris: Éditions de l’Office de la Recherche Scientifique et Technique Outre-Mer.
Reedy, T.M. (2012). Ngāti Porou – Ancestors, W: Te Ara – the Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Pobrane z: http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/ngati-porou/page-1, dostęp: 31.03.2014.
Oliver, D.L. (1974). Ancient Tahitian Society (t. 1 & 2). Honolulu: The University Press of Hawai’i.
Sahlins, M. (1993). Goodbye to Tristes Tropes: Ethnography in the Context of Modern World History. The Journal of Modern History, 65(1), 1–25.
Sahlins, M. (1999). Two or Three Things I Know about Culture. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, 5, 399–422.
Salmond, A. (2003). The Trial of the Cannibal Dog: The Remarkable Story of Captain Cook’s Encounters in the South Seas. Yale: Yale University Press.
Salmond, A. (2009). Aphrodite’s Island. The European Discovery of Tahiti. Berkeley, Los Angeles & London: University of California Press.
Salmond, A. (2010). Aphrodite’s Island. The European Discovery of Tahiti. Berkeley, Los Angeles & London: University of California Press.
Saura, B. (1990). Culture et renouveau culturel, W: Ch. Gleizal (ed.), Encyclopédie de la Polynésie française. Vivre en Polynésie 2 (vol. 9, s. 52–57). Papeete: Multipress.
Saura, B. (2002). Tinito. La communauté chinoise de Tahiti: instalation, structuration, intégration. Pirae: Au Vent des Iles.
Saura, B. (2008). Tahiti Mā’ohi. Culture, identité, religion et nationalisme en Polynésie française. Pirae: Au Vent des Iles.
Teriierooiterai, J.-C. (2009). Rua, une vision polynósienne du ciel. Matari’i, 26, 2–15, (kwiecień–czerwiec).
Thomas, N. (2007). Odkrycia. Podróże Kapitana Cooka. Przeł. J. Szczepański. Poznań: Rebis.
Trask, H.K. (1991) Natives and Anthropologists: The Colonial Struggle. The Contemporary Pacific, 3(1), 159–167.
Urry, J. (2007). Mobilities. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Urry, J. (2009). Socjologia mobilności. Przeł. J. Stawiński. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN.




Jak cytować

Owczarska, M. (2020). Odrodzenie kulturowe na postkolonialnym Tahiti. Przypadek unu. Etnografia. Praktyki, Teorie, Doświadczenia, 1(1), 59–83. https://doi.org/10.4467/254395379EPT.15.004.6469