Puzzle Plots in TV Serials: The Challenges for Enigma-Driven Storytelling in Long-Running Formats


  • Matthias Brütsch University of Zurich



Słowa kluczowe:

puzzle plot, narrative complexity, TV serial, dramatic questions, cognitive effort, disorientation, multiple enigmas, false lead, final twist


The article conducts a comparative analysis of a feature film (Open your Eyes) and two TV serials (Westworld and Dark) in order to find out how well the narrative complexity characteristic of puzzle plots may work in long-running formats. Given the core constituents of the puzzle effect ‒ disorientation, confusion, and lack of knowledge ‒ the biggest challenge for its viability in a TV serial is the extra-long running time. Both Westworld and Dark prevent audience frustration by already providing partial resolutions before the season ends, and by establishing supplementary attractions of a more classical and easy-to-grasp nature, such as future-oriented suspense-questions, or entertaining intrigues and machinations involving the whole cast of protagonists. Even in the larger structure of the TV serial, puzzle elements may, then, play an important role. However, spectators’ capacities to unravel convoluted plotlines have their limits, and the final revelation of what really happened may only satisfy if the entanglements are not overly construed. Due to these high demands, puzzle plots in TV serials will likely remain a niche phenomenon.


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Jak cytować

Brütsch , M. (2019). Puzzle Plots in TV Serials: The Challenges for Enigma-Driven Storytelling in Long-Running Formats. Panoptikum, (22), 144–157. https://doi.org/10.26881/pan.2019.22.05