A. Irving Hallowell’s research on the Ojibwe animism

Autor

  • Michał Żerkowski Uniwersytet Łódzki

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.26881/etno.2020.6.03

Słowa kluczowe:

animism, behavioral environment, Ojibwe, ontology, person, psychological anthropology

Abstrakt

Alfred Irving Hallowell (1892–1974), a seasoned researcher of the Ojibwe culture, is known today primarily as a precursor of the anthropological theory of the “new animism”. A student of Franz Boas and a friend of Edward Sapir, he was not only a prominent figure of the culture and personality school, but also proved to be one of the most interesting psychological anthropologists of the 20th century. His works on the Ojibwe indigenous taxonomy prefigured the achievements of ethnoscience, and those on the evolution of
human behavior adumbrated the development of sociobiology. Conducted in the 1930s, Hallowell’s fieldwork among the Berens River Ojibwe resulted in numerous academic papers, one of which – the 1960 Ojibwa Ontology, Behavior, and World View – years later became particularly influential in anthropological research on animism. This article presents Hallowell’s intellectual biography and discusses his research on the Ojibwe culture along with the concepts he used or developed, concepts that for many researchers became the key to unlocking new conceptualizations of the problem of animism.

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Biogram autora

Michał Żerkowski - Uniwersytet Łódzki

Cultural anthropologist, PhD student at the Institute of Ethnology and Cultural Anthropology, University of Łódź. His interests focus on psychological anthropology, history of cultural anthropology and ideas. His research projects span the fields of psychological and cognitive anthropology. E-mail: zerkowskimichal@gmail.com

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Opublikowane

2021-08-15

Jak cytować

Żerkowski, M. . (2021). A. Irving Hallowell’s research on the Ojibwe animism. Etnografia. Praktyki, Teorie, Doświadczenia, (6), 21–48. https://doi.org/10.26881/etno.2020.6.03