Rozpad i trwanie wspólnoty. Cztery filmy o męskiej przyjaźni w czasach rodzenia się w Polsce kapitalizmu
In four Polish movies – Dogs by Władysław Pasikowski, Private City by Jacek Skalski, Amok by Natalia Koryncka-Gruz and First Million by Waldemar Dziki – male friendship and its crisis was used to describe early phase of Polish capitalism. Each time the solidarity of men was valued positively and was confronted with threats connected with new, capitalist reality. Pasikowski’s movie criticizes new determinants of social prestige, Skalski’s movie expresses the disappointment of new, post-Solidarity political elite, Amok shows how young people lose out in the race for easy money, while First Million treats male community as a great support for getting rich. Free market economy promotes new ideal of citizen – enterpreising individual, who is interested in accumulation of capital and maximization of his profit. This new view of citizen is in conflict with values of Solidarity, which were rather close to ideas of socialism, like being in community. This four films comment on the new reality of Polish economia and ways of impact of free market on lifestyle, state transformation, business and the sphere of axiology.