Jak wydawać Brunona Schulza. Próba opisania kanonu edytorskiego
The article aims to present a critical project of publishing the literary and artistic works by Bruno Schulz in a uniform edition. Few readers realize that Schulz’s fiction exists in two editorial versions: the anonymous Cracow edition (published several times since 1957) and the Wrocław edition (prepared by Jerzy Jarzębski for the National Library series in 1989). The differences between them are not essential, but they call for a critical intervention which is not an easy task. The choice of all Schulz’s editors are is in fact limited to the first editions from the 1930s since the manuscripts of the stories have been lost. No proper editorial basis makes it difficult to verify texts published in the book versions. In discussions about different variants, the frame of reference should be a corpus of texts of undisputed authenticity, including the surviving correspondence of the writer, edited and published by Jerzy Ficowski as The Book of Letters in 1975 (later editions in 2002 and 2008), although Ficowski’s edition must be amended by comparison with the available originals of the letters. A critical edition of Schulz’s fiction must also take into consideration the versions of stories published first in periodicals and restore the author’s version of the first editions combining the text with illustrations. In general, in a critical edition Schulz-the writer cannot be separated from Schulz-the artist. Therefore, the complete edition of Schulz’s works should include his art works, too. They have been subject to research many times, but still no reliable complete presentation is available. The previous editions contain some false information and dating; often the “museum” titles have been accepted as if they had been given by Schulz himself, one and the same work has been listed with different sizes, the colors of reproduction differ from those of the original, etc. The final result of new research must be a critical edition of Schulz’s works in several volumes: I. Cinnamon Shops; II. Sanatorium under the Sign of the Hourglass; III. Uncollected Works; IV. The Book of Letters; V. Critical Essays; VI. The Book of Idolatry; VII. Paintings and Drawings (in two or three volumes).