Metodyka jako praktyka kulturowa (archetypowa). Ku źródłom zmiany w dydaktyce
Słowa kluczowe:dydaktyka, metodyka nauczania, praktyka kulturowa, praktyka kształcenia, środowisko kształcenia
This article is an introduction to the discussion on the essence of teaching methodology and the changes in its forms in contemporary culture. Two approaches to methodology are proposed: as a socially collective praxis, often unconsciously drawing on cultural practices, and as a so-called expert methodology – a collection of patterns of proper execution, which are a manifestation of the power/knowledge relation in the fi eld of education. Psychology and cognitive science reports confi rm that expert methodology is now losing its theoretical justifi cation. The adoption of the concept of cultural (archetypal) methodology gives a chance of a deeper change in the practice of education, whose avant-garde are the concepts of the “reversed class” and of learning as a “dispersed” study, which consists of: equipment, material environment, and network interactions.